Manuscripts with Scholia on Euripides

See also the Sigla Table for Euripidean manuscripts.


Fragments of bookrolls or codices earlier than 800 CE


SIGLUM: Lw

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: U in Diggle, OCT Andr.

CITY: Louvain

COLLECTION: Université de Louvain, Library (purchase of Msgr. R. De Langhe)

SHELFMARK: P. de Langhe (fragments disintegrated = Louaniensis deperditus)

DATE: 6th-7th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: see instead LDAB    or CEDOPAL MP3 382   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: parts of Andr. 1082–1102; 1113–1133; 1280–1288, with trace of annotation on Andr. 1089 in top margin of fr. I

IMAGES USED: poor photograph in Mossay (below)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Mossay 1972, Wouters 1983

DISCUSSION:

It is believed that P.Ross.Georg. 1.8 contains fragments from the same codex, but no annotations are reported from those pieces; see Crisci 9 n. 24; Savignago 147–149 no. 25.


SIGLUM: P.Würzb.

CITY: Würzburg

COLLECTION: Universitätsbibliothek

SHELFMARK: P.Würzb. 1 (inv. 18)

DATE: 6th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: see instead LDAB    or CEDOPAL MP3 419   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: Scholia on various lines within Phoen. 24–1108

IMAGES USED: Various images, including multispectral.

ONLINE IMAGES: https://papyri-collection.dl.uni-leipzig.de/receive/WrzPapyri_schrift_00000040   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Essler, Mastronarde, and McNamee 2013; McNamee (forthcoming)

DISCUSSION:

This may be a loose sheet of papyrus rather than a page from a codex; what was formerly read as a possible folio number is actually a cross.


SIGLUM: P.Oslo

CITY: Oslo

COLLECTION: University of Oslo Library

SHELFMARK: P.Oslo inv. 1662

DATE: 5th or 6th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: see instead LDAB    or CEDOPAL MP3 429   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: Scholion/commentary on Tro. 9–10

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://ub-prod01-imgs.uio.no/OPES/jpg/1662r.jpg   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: McNamee (forthcoming)

DISCUSSION:

The editio princeps suggested the 5th c., but recent discussions assign this to the 6th.



Manuscripts written before 1250


SIGLUM: H

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: h in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Jerusalem

COLLECTION: Patriarchike Bibliotheke

SHELFMARK: Panaghiou Taphou 36

DATE: 10th-11th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 35273   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: Some pages of this palimpsest contained as the original text select plays of Euripides. The surviving pages contain Hec. 869–920, 1125–1173, Ph. 730–750, 753–777, 811–899, 952–974, 977–992,1600–1700 [in Ph. only 811–899 and 1600–1700 were known to Daitz; the other passages were recently identified by Albrecht: see below], Or. 105–213, 313–412, 565–588, 592–614, 718–766, 897–946, 1152–1200, 1356–1556, Andr. 80–169, 777–830, 887–986, 1042–1091, Hipp. 320–368, 469–518, 1136–1186, 1290–1336, Med. 51–255, 1278–1376.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The layout of the original pages had scholia in a side block (not completely full on many pages), and on some pages with fuller annotation there were relatively small top margin and bottom margin blocks. Shorter notes may be intermarginal or marginal, and sometimes there are supralinear glosses. I classify the scholia by H, H2, and H3 as old and those by the hands H4 through H8 as recent. H3 is given the ‘vet’ designation on the possibility that it is close in time to H and H2 (see next section).

HANDS:

I follow Daitz in his identification of hands for the scholia. Most of the annotation is by the same two scribes who wrote the poetic text. These two hands are dated by Daitz to around 1000. The third hand wrote some pages which are apparently replacement pages and added some scholia on other pages. In his second publication, correcting the date offered in the first, Daitz dates the third hand to 1050–1150; Wilson 1973, 224–225 suggested this hand may be of the 11th century and not so distant in date from the others (wherefore I treat its notes as old). A few additions to the annotation were made by five additional hands of later date. I use the siglum H to indicate the first hand; other hands are indicated by a superscript number.

IMAGES USED: Plates in the facsimile (Daitz 1970), and scans from those plates for magnification. Impressive new images obtained through multispectral imaging have been created by the Palamedes project, and will eventually be accessible to the public (I have seen only the one sample image made available with the press release). That project will publish a new facsimile and report (long delayed, however), and it is reported by Felix Albrecht (personal communication) that a considerable number of new scholia can be read on the new images. (One sample image of Phoen. 878–899, 812–829 was formerly downloadable from the press release of 11/11/2013, but is no longer available.)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Daitz 1970 and 1979; Turyn 86–87; Matthiessen 41–42; Mastronarde–Bremer 2; Diggle 5; Cavarzeran 29–30. Preliminary report of new information: Albrecht 2012.

DISCUSSION:

Partially collated from the facsimile with the help of Daitz’s reports in his scholia volume. Awaiting the new publication for further study of H.


SIGLUM: M

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: V in Cobet, A in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: greco Z. 471 (=765)

DATE: 1000–1050

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 69942   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. 1:2. Thesaurus antiquus, codices 300–625 (Rome 1985) 260–262.

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 20r–42v: Hec.; 42v–43v: arg. Or.; 44r–75r: Or.; 75v–76v: arg. Ph.; 76v–109r: Ph.; 109r–109v: arg. Andr.; 109v–132v: Andr.; 133r–133v: arg. Hipp.; 133v–154v: Hipp. 1–1254

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Large set of old scholia by first hand, but those on Hipp. are often truncated. The number of lines of poetic text on each page is regular: 29 lines in the first quire or Hec. (20r–27v), but 28 lines from 28r to the end, except 27 on 99r–v. On pages with dense annotation, the scholia are positioned in top, outer, and lower margin, with reference symbols. When the annotation is less dense, the top and bottom and the beginning and ending of the outer margin may be used, normally with reference symbols. On the least dense pages scholia may be only in the side block. If scholia are sparsely placed in the side block, they are usually positioned at the level of the lemma in the text and in that case usually have neither reference symbol nor lemma.

HANDS:

All the scholia and almost all the supralinear and intermarginal annotations are from the original writing of the manuscript and are referred to as M; the light brown ink of M has a distinctly yellowish tinge and in some of the interlinear and intermarginal notes is written with an exceptionally fine stroke. Later annotations are relatively few and are written in a more grayish ink, usually with a broader or fuzzier stroke, and often extremely faint. On the new digital images it seems possible to distinguish two later hands. The more neatly written glosses (sometimes fainter) are designated as M2 and are classified as recent (there is frequent overlap with glosses in the recentiores), whereas M3 is used to refer to those that are written larger and more informally (and usually darker) and are treated as Palaeologan. But in some cases it is unclear whether notes that appear somewhat different may not represent the same scribe in modes of writing that vary in formality, or whether more than one scribe is responsible for the notes recorded as M2.

IMAGES USED: Initially, digitized images from a recent microfilm. From August 2014 new color digital images (made available online 2018, but the viewer provides too low a resolution to be satisfactory). Facsimile: Euripidis quae in codice Veneto marciano 471 inveniuntur, phototypice expressa Florentiae, Arte fratrum Alinari, typis opificii “La stampa” cura et impensis J.A. Spranger, 1935 (to which I do not have access except when visiting libraries that own it). The manuscript has been restored since the 1935 facsimile, and some letters then concealed by folds in the parchment are visible now.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.internetculturale.it/it/16/search?q=Z.+471&instance=magindice    (The online viewer unfortunately does not allow sufficient magnification.)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 84–85; Matthiessen 48; Mastronarde–Bremer 2; Diggle 5; Cavarzeran 30–31; Prelim. Stud., Chapter 4.

DISCUSSION:

Like other old parchment manuscripts, M has suffered fading and damage in the margins of some pages, and the writing is in places unrecoverable.

Autopsy inspection of problematic passages (using UV lamp) March 2015, which allowed at some places more accurate and more complete reading than Schwartz was able to perform. The scholia on the triad plays and Andromache are extensive, and the same applies to lines 1–350 of Hippolytus. For Hipp. 350–800, however, the scholia become sparser (a few folios have only a couple of interlinear glosses) and are in an abridged form relative to those of similar content in BVN (the abridgement is somewhat like that of the scholia on Orestes in O compared to the fuller versions in MBV). After Hipp. 850 there are only four short glosses, and most folios have no annotation at all.

In Prelim. Stud., Chapter 4, I have discussed the features of the script and the dating of M as well as some other palaeographic and codicological details.


SIGLUM: B

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Par. B in Matthiae, b in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Biblothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2713

DATE: early 11th (or late 10th?) cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52348   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): See the detailed description dated 2012 provided online at the gallica.bnf.fr site. (URL below)

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original parts) 17r–28r: Hec. 523–1295; 28r–v: arg. Or.; 28v–56r: Or.; 56r–v: arg. Phoen.; 56v–82r: Phoen.; 82r–v: arg. Hipp.; 82v–108r: Hipp.; 108r–v: arg. Med.; 108v–129v: Medea; 129v: arg. Alc.; 129v–145v: Alc.; 145v: arg. Androm.; 146r–159v: Androm. 1–956, 1212–1235, 1250–1271

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Glosses above the line (many not reported by Schwartz) or beside the line. Mainly in the triad, later hands add younger glosses, including some Moschopulean ones. The number of lines of poetic text per page is often 32 or 34, but pages can be found with as few as 23 or as many as 37. Like M, B uses top, side, and bottom block on pages with dense annotation, and sometimes the intermarginal space and the inner margin of the page. Reference symbols and lemmata are normal on such pages. When annotation is less dense, the scholia may be in an upper bracket (top block and a variable number of lines in the side), with the bottom block blank; or less often a bracket at the bottom, with a few lines in the end of the side block continuing into a few in the bottom block. When the annotation is sparse, scholia may be confined to the side block and spaced at intervals, usually without reference symbols or lemmata.

HANDS:

The following remarks on the hands of the scholia in B are based on study of the online color images for Orestes 1–500. It should be emphasized that attributions among the later hands is sometimes quite uncertain, and that the results do not necessarily apply to other sections of the manuscript. The situation is simpler in Phoen., and even more so in the non-triad plays.

The scholia blocks are in the main hand (B, or occasionally B1 for extra clarity), a regular minuscule with some majuscule letters, constrained to normal size with few exceptions (I noted some extra wide upsilons in ligature with pi); breathings rectilinear. Few if any supralinear notes can be assigned with certainty to this hand. After some of the original writing became faint, it was written over. I report rewritten passages as B unless there is a reason to believe that the later hand altered the original reading. (It is probably true that the original codex “est entièrement copié par un seul et même copiste,” as the online description states. But in the scholia this scribe’s style can vary in minor details such as proportion of majuscule letters, space between letters, treatment of epsilon in ligatures and suspension, and use or avoidance of certain abbreviations.)

B2 is a light brown ink, which sometimes can be very faint; this hand tends to be smaller and more regular than B3 hands, uses more old minuscule abbreviations and letter forms, but perhaps in a deliberate effort to imitate the style of B. For examples, see the variant ἐκδικῶν over the first line of the hypothesis (Arg. 1), and the fainter of the two additions made to Arg. 2c. I formerly opined that this hand is probably pre-Palaeologan (and thus to be tagged as ‘rec’), but I now retract that judgment and classify all the hands other the first as Palaeologan.

B3 hands show more irregularity, cursiveness, and similarities to Palaeologan hands or even later scripts.

I use B3a for the majority of these later glosses; the ink varies from dark brown, or almost black when the pen is freshly dipped, to medium brown; the hand is fairly cursive and sometimes mannered. This hand appears at many places to be rewriting a very faint underlying annotation: perhaps this same hand rewrote some faded text and scholia, but in those cases the scribe usually followed more carefully the size of original letters; in interlinear instances, this scribe seems freely to use more space than the obscured gloss. Thus it is possible that some B3a glosses are actually older, but we can no longer detect the earlier writing or confirm that traces represent the same annotation.

B3b is in a lighter ink, with separated letters and fairly neat, as in the gloss λάβοι at Or. 3.

B3c is very light, irregular, and sloppy; examples at Or. 4 and 5.

B3d is a very black ink, usually written with sharper strokes, but like B3a sometimes seems to be rewriting previous annotations; when B3a is at its darkest, it is hard to distinguish from B3d. Examples of B3d are the correction of the middle letters of αἴγισθον in the first sentence of Or. Arg. 1 or the note with the names of Erinyes at Or. 37.

B4 has largish letters, light ink, late mannered letter forms, adds marginal labels to some scholia to highlight content and also adds marginal notations drawn from lexica or the Suda.

IMAGES USED: Collated from online images and sometimes from scanned images made by me from photographs from the collection of Alexander Turyn. The latter sometimes show more clearly words in the curve of the binding that are obscure on the online images. Facsimile: Euripidis quae in Cod. Par. Gr. 2713 servantur, phototypice expressa cura et impensis J.A. Spranger. Lutetiae Parisiorum: R. de Longneval 1938 (to which I do not have access except when visiting libraries that own it).

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b84526627   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 87–88; Matthiessen 44; Mastronarde–Bremer 1–2; Diggle 5–6; Cavarzeran 23–26.

FURTHER BIBLIOGRAPHY: See also the detailed description dated 2012 provided online at the gallica.bnf.fr site. Two fifteenth-century scribes have been identified on the replacement pages 1r–8v (Georgios Baiophoros, RGK II 74) and 9r–16v (Theodoros Gazes, RGK II 165).

DISCUSSION:

Outside of Orestes 1–500, collation has been completed for the first hand only, since it is much easier to collate the later entries after glosses and other notes have been recorded from the recentiores and the Moschopulean witnesses.


SIGLUM: O

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Flor. 10 in Matthiae, Dindorf; c in Prinz–Wecklein (K in editions of Sophocles)

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 31.10

DATE: ca. 1175 (or somewhat earlier?)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16241   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–19v: Hec.; 19v–20v: arg. Or.; 20v–45v Or.; 45v–46r: arg. Med.; 46r–64v: Med.; 64v: arg. Ph.; 64v–87r: Ph.: 87r: arg. Alc.; 87v–99v: Alc.; 99v: arg. Andr.; 99v–115v: Andr.; 116r: arg Hipp.; 116r–133v: Hipp.; 134r–141v: Rhes. dram. pers., 1–714

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A very limited selection based on the old scholia (tagged as ‘rec’ when a note is exclusive to O or first attested in O), often abbreviated in an idiosyncratic way, and some glosses are present for the first three plays (Hec., Or., Med.) of the Euripidean part of the codex, and even in these plays are absent for long stretches of the text. Marking of long vowels with a macron, however, is present in all the plays. After having no scholia on the last four Euripidean plays, sporadic scholia return again in the Sophoclean portion of the codex. The scholia are ususally in the side margins, but sometimes the top margin is used (often with loss of a portion because of trimming of the paper).

HANDS:

While the poetic text is in the hand of Ioannikios (see discussion below), the scholia are in the hand of an anonymous collaborator of his, whom Wilson recognized and whom Degni designates as B, an individual who also wrote the scholia in other manuscripts of Ioannikios.

IMAGES USED: Collated from microfilm, from scanned images made by me from photographs from the collection of Alexander Turyn, and from online images. Some autopsy checking May 2013, April 2019.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    Older viewer:http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for "plut.31.10"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 333–335; Matthiessen 39; Mastronarde–Bremer 3; Diggle 6; Irigoin 1982, 132–143; P. Degni 2008; D. Baldi 2011; Nesseris (forthcoming).

DISCUSSION:

Because of the quality of the paper, there has been much bleedthrough as well as absorption of ink, creating dark patches around text, reducing contrast in images. Repair tissue also apparently makes the script less sharp. In addition, the poetic text is crowded by word-for-word Latin glossing of Hec. 1–466 (fols. 1r to 7r) added by Leonzio Pilato in 1360–1362; when this glossing is dense, the tiny Greek glosses are hard to spot. Marginal Greek is easier to see, but still very small and full of abbreviations, and on both rectos and versos marginal writing may be cut off by trimming of the paper. The same occurs at the top of the page sometimes, when this space is used. The online images are better than the Turyn photographs, especially after the improvement of the online viewer in 2017, which allows better magnification; but they do not show letters close to the binding on verso pages.

The BML information still shows the date of this manuscript as 1301–1400, but on the dating of Ioannikios’ activity to the 12th century, see Wilson 1978, 336 and 1983. See also Degni and Baldi as cited above. A fuller discussion of Ioannikios is forthcoming in the work of Ilias Nesseris on higher education in Constantinople in the 12th century, and with further knowledge of Ioannikios’ career, the date of O may need to be adjusted downward by a few decades.


SIGLUM: Af

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: D in Prinz–Wecklein, Ambros. in Murray, W for Andr. (but Af for Rhes.) in Diggle

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: S.P. 10/26c (current shelfmark); formerly referred to as F 205 inf.

DATE: 12th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42792   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: Sheets No. 19 and No. 20 contain Andr. 1–102 with dramatis personae and a few scholia; sheet No. 24 contains Rhes. 856–884 and 985–990 (or 992, but only illegible traces for last two lines).

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Some brief notes on Andr.; none on Rhes.

IMAGES USED: none

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 341–342; Palla 2004; Castelli 2013.

DISCUSSION:

These sheets of paper (of Arabic type, according to Palla) were separated by Angelo Mai from the famous late-antique (parchment) illustrations of the Iliad in Ambros. F 205 inf. The illustrations had been attached to them in a repair operation in the 12th century, according to the dating of the paper and the script (from the region of Calabria and Sicily) advocated by Palla (330–337). Most of the annotation written on the paper backing consists of Homeric commentary (D-scholia and the like), and extracts from Eur. Andr. and Rhes. were also written to serve as comments on the Homeric story being illustrated. The lines from Andr. accompany illustrations from Book 6, and Palla has made it likely that those from Rhesus do as well (the point being their information about Hector, not about Rhesus). The article of Palla contains a number of inaccuracies, as revealed by the inspection undertaken at my request by Luigi Battezzato (December 2009), to whom I owe reports of what is readable. There are apparently no annotations on Rhes., but several damaged ones survive for Andr., both written with the text excerpt and as part of the notes added in black or red on the images themselves. See now Castelli (cited above).



Manuscripts written after 1250


SIGLUM: V

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Rom. A in Matthiae, A in Dindorf and Schwartz; B in Prinz–Wecklein; R in Cobet

CITY: Vatican City

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 909

DATE: ca. 1250–1280

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 67540   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): P. Schreiner, Codices Vaticani Graeci. Codices 867–932 (1988) 106–109

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 2r–v: Hec. 1–31 with scholia, a replacement for the lost original; 3r–16v: Hec. 32–211, 257–711 (a page has been lost between 6v and 7r); 17r–18v replacement pages with Hec. 712–783 and some scholia on 17r only (2/3 of 18r and all of 18v are blank: λείπει by a diff. hand on 18v; the scribe of these pages probably copied as much as could be read or as much as survived from 712–1069 in the original); 19v–23v: Hec. 1069–1295 Hec.; 24r–v: arg. Or.; 25r–64v: Or. 1–1204 and 1505–1693; 64v–66r: arg. Ph.; 66v–117v: Ph. (the play actually ends on 117r, but the long Peisander-scholion continues onto 117v); 117v–118r: arg. Med.; 118r–156v: Med.; 157r–v: arg. Hipp.; 157v–196v: Hipp.; 197r: arg. Alc.; 197v–228r: Alc.; 228r–v: arg. Andr.; 228v–261r: Andr.; 261v: arg. Tro.; 261v–295r: Tro.; 295v: Hyp. Rhes.; 296r–298v: -315v: Rhes. 1–111; 299r–308v: Rhes. 152–550; 309r–312v Rhes. 631–791; 313r–v: 836–855 and 812–835 (folio bound in backwards: but see discussion below); fol. 314r–315v: Rhes. 856–940. Note that fol. 315r–v, with lines 899–940, was not with the manuscript when it was used by Schwartz, but rediscovered by Rabe 1908.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia with some additions apparently from the 11th-12th centuries; along with glosses comparable to those in MB, many additional glosses and short paraphrases interlinearly. Annotations that are attested only in V or first in V are tagged as ‘rec’. The number of lines of poetic text per page varies greatly, usually from 18–21 lines, but occasionally as few as 10 or as many as 27. The fullest pages have scholia on three sides, with the top and bottom blocks of variable length; pages with fewer scholia usually have no bottom block, and may have scholia in the side block only. Reference symbols are used regularly and lemmata not quite as regularly.

HANDS:

The text and marginal scholia and some interlinear glosses were written by a pair of scribes working closely together (probably 1250–1280). Later, other hands added corrections of the text and additional annotations between the lines and in the margins (and rarely made corrections or changes to the marginal scholia written by the original pair). I have discussed the sharing of the work by the partner scribes in Prelim. Stud., Chapter 5. Here I confine myself to briefer comments. I use V for one of the partners and V1 for the other, modernizing Schwartz’s use of A and A1. Note that Dindorf sometimes described as “manus recentissima in V” notes actually written by V1 and thus part of the original work on the codex. The hand referred to as V2 in Diggle’s OCT and in my collations made corrections in the text and more rarely in the block of scholia, but added few annotations on the triad. The hand referred to as V3 in Diggle’s OCT and in my collations (probably active active around 1300 or the decade or so after 1300) is a more cursive and informal hand; its notes are tagged as ‘pllgn’. (Cavarzeran uses for this cursive hand V with the subscript 2.) The infrequent notes that are by even later hands are referred to with the siglum Vrec. In addition, Schwartz reported the scholia on Hec. 1–31 from the replacement page 2r–2v without remarking that these pages are not by the original hands; I use the siglum Vv for these scholia: they were apparently copied from the damaged original before it was discarded (note that in this copying any visual distinction between annotations by the various hands on Hec. 1–31 has been lost). I use the same siglum for the few scholia on fol. 17r, which have every appearance of being copied from the original (note the version of the sch. 741, slightly longer than in B, and the confusion in sch. 736, which is paralleled elsewhere in V’s scholia on Hecuba).; apparently not by the same hand as 2r–2v, but similar: this one employs enlarged letters, especially at line-end to make lines appear approximately equal in length)

IMAGES USED: Prints for Orestes (scanned to allow magnification); for all plays images digitized from microfilm from the library, of mediocre quality for reading anything obscure; some autopsy checking May 2012. New high-resolution grayscale images of the pages of Hecuba were obtained in 2015, making it possible to decipher many scholia that were unreadable on other images. Finally, the whole has been collated from the new online images, with further autopsy checking in 2016 and 2017.

ONLINE IMAGES: Through the kindness of the Vatican Library and the Polonsky Foundation Digitization Project, excellent images of V have now been made available at: http://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.909/   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 90–91; Matthiessen 46–47; Mastronarde–Bremer 3–4; Diggle 6; Cavarzeran, 37–40.

DISCUSSION:

The pages have suffered damage to varying extents; some pages have been trimmed, sometimes even irregularly to preserve additions in the outer margin. The original material has been incorporated into fresh larger pages: this sometimes causes obscuring of the writing by the overlapping paper or attachment strip.

About folios 313r–v Turyn 90 wrote “the leaf 313 was reversed in the binding, the text on fol. 313v was later canceled.” The cancelling is done by a grid of diagonal lines in red ink, and I detect no difference between this red and the rubricator’s ink on the adjacent pages. Furthermore, Turyn’s hypothesis leaves only 20 lines, 792–811, to fill both sides of the leaf that is now lost between 312 and 313, whereas the leaf should have had about 40 lines, 20 per side. I think a better hypothesis is that the missing sheet already contained 812–835 and that for some reason 812–835 were copied again in error, and the crossing out of the version on 313v occurred when this was noticed. Perhaps one page of the original was skipped (omitting 792–811), and when this was very soon noticed, a folio with 792–835 was prepared and added in, and the present leaf 313 reversed and the unneeded (and now out of order) repetition cancelled by the rubricator.


SIGLUM: C

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: T in Dindorf, Schwartz; Taurin. or Cod. Taur. in Matthiae (the first of the two codices Academiae Taurinensis whose readings where reported to him by Amadeus Peyron)

CITY: Turin

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale

SHELFMARK: B.IV.13

DATE: 1300–1350

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 63719   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: Fol. 9r–v: arg. Or; 10r–66r: Or.; 66v–67r: arg. Ph.; 67v–111v: Ph. 1–64, 83–1164 (the folio lost between 71 and 72 contained lines 65–82 of the play and scholia on lines 54 to 74)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Despite its date, C contains a very complete set of old scholia on Orestes and part of Phoenissae in a form closely related to M, B, and V. Items that are solely in C or in C along with any recentiores are tagged as ‘rec’. The script for the scholia is of the same size as the script of the text. As a result, the number of lines of the play on each page is relatively small, and there are pages that are entirely scholia or that have most of the page devoted to a top block. The layout is extremely inconsistent from page to page, and some pages have the scholia on three sides of text, others on two sides (top and side margin), and others two separate small blocks of text with a block of scholia between them.

HANDS:

The scholia and the accompanying glosses are in the same dark ink and same hand as the main text. There are additional glosses and a few short notes written later in much lighter ink, by a different hand (C2). These could not be reliably detected and deciphered on the microfilm, but are legible on the new images. In this release C2 has been reported only for Or. 1–25.

IMAGES USED: Microfilms. Since 2014, very fine digital images.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 85; Matthiessen 60; Mastronarde–Bremer 5; Diggle 7

DISCUSSION:

Schwartz’s edition gives an incomplete view both of the inventory of scholia in C (through neglect of most supralinear and marginal notes) and of its readings. The manuscript was burned around the edges in the fire that damaged the library in 1904; but the scholia have suffered almost no loss on the surviving pages.

The missing folio in Phoen. is correctly mentioned by Schwartz in the app. crit. at I.257, 19, but is not noted in Turyn. I made a note of the omission in my collation of the poetic text made in 1980, but somehow I neglected to include this information at Mastronarde–Bremer 5, so that my own Teubner edition and the OCT of Phoen. also fail to record that lines 65–82 are missing from C.


SIGLUM: A

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Par. A in Matthiae, E in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2712

DATE: ca. 1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52347   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): See online description accompanying images.

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: This manuscript is numbered by pages, not by recto and verso of each folio. The Euripidean contents are as follows: p. 3: Moschopulean vita, and arg. Hec.; 4–17: Hec.; 18–19: arg. Or.; 19–38: Or.; 38–39: arg. Ph.; 39–59: Ph.; 59–60: arg. Andr.; 60–74: Andr.; 74: arg. Med.; 75–91: Med.; 91–92: arg. Hipp.; 92–106: Hipp. 1–1214; 111–114: Hipp. 1215-end. Pp. 107–110 contain part of Aristophanes, Plutus, out of order, and the remainder of the codex from p. 115 contains Sophocles and Aristophanes.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The poetic text is written in three columns read across the page, leaving very small intercolumnar space and relatively small outer margins (bottom margin somewhat more generous than top and side). Sparse glossing and a few short notes in margins.

HANDS:

The rubricator who supplied personarum notae (Ar), apparently the scribe of the text, adds a few glosses; a later hand (A2) uses an ink somewhat lighter than that of the main text. Rarely, a late hand (Arec) adds a note in faint brown ink.

IMAGES USED: Microfilms and prints for different sections; downloaded images.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8458260w   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 89–90; Matthiessen 43–44; Mastronarde–Bremer 4; Diggle 7; Cavarzeran 48; see the description dated 2012 that accompanies the online images.

FURTHER BIBLIOGRAPHY: http://archivesetmanuscrits.bnf.fr/ead.html?id=FRBNFEAD000089144&cFRBNFEAD000089144_e0000015   

DISCUSSION:

Apart from the argumenta, this manuscript contributes little annotation. Glosses (with a few short scholia) are very sparse on the triad plays, somewhat more abundant on Andromache, Medea, and Hippolytus. In Or. 1–500, (Ar) has a few independent glosses (one noting a variant reading), and a few shared with recentiores and Moschopulus; A2 has some items from Suda or other lexicographic sources and a few simple glosses shared with other sources (recentiores and Thoman).


SIGLUM: Aa

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: C 44 sup.

DATE: 14th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42409   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: fol. 27r–37r: Hec. 773–1295; 37v–38v: arg. Or. (with some scholia: between arg. 2a ending near the bottom of 37v and the προλογίζει sentence that appears as the last line of 38r before the dram. pers. at the top of 38v, there is a block of scholia from the first 25 lines: first on lines 15–25, with sch. 22.02 out of order between two sch. on 25, then a few scholia on lines 5–10); 38v–71v: Or.; 72r: Or. arg. 3 (ἡ κατάληξις τῆς τραγωδίας...); 72r–72v: arg. Ph., 72v–104v: Ph. 1–1650

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The text is in a single column, usually of 24 lines with generous side margin, although there are few marginal scholia. The annotation is an eclectic blend usually matching recentiores, Moschopulus, Thomas, or other later sources.

HANDS:

The main glossation is by the original hand of the text but using a purplish ink (Aa). A second set of glosses are in a cruder script and black ink (Aa2). Further glosses appear in a fainter ink (sometimes hard to distinguish from the original hand, but at other times extremely faint (the pale brown ink described in Mastronarde–Bremer): this is here called Aa3, since at Or. 132, for example, it can be seen that the darker gloss of Aa2 has been modified by Aa3. [The designation of the second and third hands was the opposite in Mastronarde–Bremer 4–5.]

IMAGES USED: New digital images (unfortunately, grayscale). Some autopsy checking March 2015.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 340, Matthiessen 42, Mastronarde–Bremer 4

DISCUSSION:

The hands are unskilled, as are the use of diacritics and the orthography, so that one may suspect this is a student copy.


SIGLUM: Ab

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: F 74 sup.

DATE: ca. 1300; (watermarks) 1305–1315 according to Irigoin 135 [=540]

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42757   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original part) fol. 29r–37r: Hec. 913–1295; 37v–38r: arg. Or.; 38v–40v: Or. 1–109; 43r–54r: Or. 110–635; 57r–64v: Or. 636–959; 65r–66v: Or. 1087–1169; 67r–73v: Or. 1283–1600, 74r: Or. 1682–1693; 75r–76r: arg. Ph.; 76r–90v: Ph. 1–702

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Text in a single column of irregular length (usually 19–24 lines), with almost all annotation placed supralinearly. Ab belongs to the group classified as ‘rec’ in this edition, and on the present evidence I have considered it justified to treat Ab2 in the same way.

HANDS:

Many glosses are in the darker ink of the main text, Ab. Other glosses in a lighter ink, Ab2, and in Ph. the glossation is almost all by Ab2. The hands are South Italian.

IMAGES USED: New digital images (unfortunately, grayscale). Some autopsy checking March 2015.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 341, Matthiessen 42, Mastronarde–Bremer 5; Irigoin1982

DISCUSSION:

It may be noted that Ab contains occasional glosses in Italian (such as Or. 238 ἐῶσιν] lassanno). At least one Italian gloss is written in Greek letters (Or. 313 ἀποδέχου] ασπεττάρε). These are not included in this edition.

Recent bibliography on this manuscript has concerned the scribe of replacement pages (e.g. 91r of Phoen. 703–710), who worked in the late 15th and early 16th century in the Salentine circle of Sergio Stiso: Jacob 2000, 149; Speranzi 2007, 103 with n. 66.


SIGLUM: Cr

CITY: Cremona

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Governativa

SHELFMARK: 130

DATE: ca. 1350, or 1330–40 according to Günther

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 13187   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original pages) 10r–19r: Hec. 644–1295;19v: arg. Or.; 19v–42v: Or. 1–1693; 42v–43r: arg. Ph.; 43v–55v, 58r–61v: Ph. 1–1065, 1231–1586; (replacement pages) 1r: vita Eur.; 1r–v: arg. Hec.; 2r–9v: Hec. 1–643; 56r–57v: Ph. 1066–1230; 62r–64r: Ph. 1587–1763

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Cr has two columns of text (with continuity across the columns), usually with 16 or 17 lines per column and wide space between the lines for most of the annotation; only rarely is the text in the right column interrupted for a discursive scholion within the column. Cr has a few old scholia and an extremely eclectic collection of glosses, matching recentiores as well as Moschopulus and Thomas and other Palaeologan witnesses.

HANDS:

The original annotation of Cr uses the same hand and dark brown ink as the main text, red ink is used only for the personarum notae. For later hands I use Cr2 to designate an upright, relatively neat, but clumsy hand writing with a very fine stroke in black ink; Cr3 to designate a more cursive, irregular, and sloppy hand, also in black ink.

IMAGES USED: Digital mages from library (digitized from B&W microfilm); for a few pages of Or. color cellphone photos taken at my request by Mario Telò, from which I have been able to describe the hands more accurately.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 333, Matthiessen 38, Mastronarde–Bremer 5, Günther 225

DISCUSSION:

Cr is very closely related in its scholia to Ox; indeed in some places where Ox differs slightly from Cr, it appears that the error in Ox could be due to a misreading of ambiguous letters or compendia in Cr; elsewhere, both manuscripts have the same glosses misplaced by a line or two. Günther believes that Cr and Ox were both copied from the same source, and there are slight differences that suggest Ox may not have been copied from Cr; the errors based on misreading would then imply that this source was in a hand very similar to that of Cr.

The replacement pages of the 15th century contain heavy glossation and short marginal notes (mostly etymological) in several hands different from that of the replacement text. Some of these later hands have also added a few annotations to the original pages, especially for the first few surviving pages of Hec. and then more sporadically in Or. A more refined classification of the later hands may be needed when the scholia to Hec. are collated.


SIGLUM: D

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: d in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 31.15

DATE: 14th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16245   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r: arg. Hipp; 1r–19r: Hipp.; 19r: arg. Med.; 19v–38r: Med.; 38v: arg. Alc.; 39r–52v: Alc.; 52 v: arg. Andr.; 52v–66v: Andr. 1–1128, 1220-end

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia and glosses, partly derived from B

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for "plut.31.15"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 335–337, Cavarzeran 33–37

DISCUSSION:

Not yet explored except for a few pages of Hipp.


SIGLUM: F

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Y in Schwartz for arg. Hec.

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: greco Z. 468 (=653)

DATE: late 13th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 69939   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. Thesaurus antiquus, 2: Codices 300–625. (Roma 1985) 255–257

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 146v: arg. Hec; 147r–157v: Hec.; 157v–158r: arg. Or.; 158r–173r: Or.; 173r–v: arg. Ph.; 173v–190r: Ph.; 190r–v: arg. Med.; 190v: Med. 1–42

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Written in two columns (read horizontally), normally of 27 lines each, and an ample side margin only occasionally provided with discursive scholia. F’s annotation is eclectic, sometimes sharing items with recentiores, sometimes matching other types, including Moschopulean and Thoman, with which the later hands in F share even more.

HANDS:

The main scribe F wrote the argumenta; the same scribe added some glosses and the personarum notae in a flat brown ink (which can appear medium dark when the pen is freshly re-inked, but is more often rather light). Many more glosses were at some later time added in a very faint pinkish ink and are recorded as F2. Least common are the additions of F3, a more regular, but not very elegant hand plausibly dated ca. 1500 by Turyn. F3 is responsible for the Moschopulean scholia added occasionally in the margins on the pages containing Phoen. 499–1613.

IMAGES USED: New color digital images (made available online 2018); some autopsy checking March 2015

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.internetculturale.it/it/16/search?q=Z.+468+653&instance=magindice   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 360, Matthiessen 47–8, Mastronarde–Bremer 5–6, Diggle 7

DISCUSSION:

Despite its sharing a good number of notes with the recentiores, I have judged that notes found only in F or in F with witnesses classified as ‘pllgn’ or ‘mosch’ or ‘thom’ do not qualify for the label ‘rec’.


SIGLUM: Fp

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Tp in Mastronarde–Bremer, Diggle

CITY: Parma

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Palatina

SHELFMARK: Fondo Parmese 154

DATE: 1350–1375

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 54164   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): P. Eleuteri, I manoscritti greci della Biblioteca Palatina de Parma [Documenti sulle arti del libro, 17] (Milano 1993) 39–41

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 2v: vita, Hec.; 33r: Or.; 73v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Annotation of various types, many Moschopulean, also some anonymous metrical scholia.

IMAGES USED: None acquired yet.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 149–150; Mastronarde–Bremer 15; Diggle 10; Günther 133–134 with further references.

DISCUSSION:

The metrical scholia were published by Smith 1977. The hypothesis that these scholia are directly related to Triclinius (at an early stage of his metrical studies) has been refuted by Günther 176–198. Not included in Release 1 of this edition.


SIGLUM: gB

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Gb in Matthiessen

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Barberin. gr. 4

DATE: ca. 1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 64552   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): V. Capocci, Codices Barberiniani Graeci I (Vatican City 1958) 2–6

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 9r: 10 glosses on words in Hec. 16–177; 9v–18r: gnomology of extracts from the non-triad select plays (9v–11r: Andr. with glosses on 639, 683, 729, scholion fragment on 985);11r–12v: Alc. with gloss on 982; 12v–13r : Tro.; 13r–14r: Rhes. with glosses on 405, 509; 14r–16r: Hipp.; 16r–17v: Med. with gloss on 127; 17r–18r: Ba. with paraphrase scholion on 344); 26r–32v: gnomology of extracts from the triad plays (26r–27v: Hec. with marginal note κακόζηλον at 568–570; 28r–29v: Or.; 29v–32v: Ph.)

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Barb.gr.4   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 93 n. 151; Matthiessen 45; Matthiessen 1965; Mastronarde–Bremer 173; Diggle 14

DISCUSSION:

See the discussion of the glosses on Hecuba (9r) in Prelim. Studies 153–160.


SIGLUM: K

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: Conventi soppressi 66

DATE: ca. 1291, acc. to Matthiessen 1982

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 15814   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 50r–59v: Hec.; 59v–60r: arg. Or.; 60r–72v: Or. 1–1681

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Text in two columns (read horizontally), with about 26 lines per column, and a rather narrow outer margin that contains some discursive scholia, although there are very sporadic after the first pages of Hec. Occasional notes in the bottom margin, and scattered interlinear notations.

HANDS:

The annotation appears to me to be by the same scribe, although not necessarily entered at the same time as the text. Some items match those of the recentiores group, some are shared with later witnesses.

IMAGES USED: Digital grayscale images from library. Some autopsy checking May 2013, April 2019.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 338; Matthiessen 40–41; Diggle 8

DISCUSSION:

If Matthiessen is correct about the date ca. 1291 and if the annotations were entered close in time to the text, then they would be pre-Moschopulean. I have thus counted K as justifying the use of the label ‘rec’. But in Or. 1–500 K differs from the other recentiores in the relatively large number of isolated overlaps with Moschopulean glosses (25, compared to 15 for Pr and 8 or fewer for others of the group; see Preface    ).


SIGLUM: L

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: C in Schwartz (for Rhes.)

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 32.02

DATE: 1300–1320

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16268   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: For a thorough description of the Euripidean contents see Turyn, 233–237. The plays of Euripides appear on folios 68r–232r. 68r: arg. Supp. (added in margin); 68r–75v: Supp. 1–1187; 76r–81r: Ba. 1–755 (labeled Πενθεύς); 81v–83v: blank; 84r: Supp. 1188–1234, arg. Cycl.; 84r–89r: Cycl.; 89r: arg. Hcld. (added by Triclinius); 89r–96v: Hcld.; 96v: arg. Her.; 96v–105v: Her.; 106r–117r: Hel.; 117v–118v: blank; 119r: arg. Rhes.; 119r–125r: Rhes.; 125r: arg. Ion.; 125r–134r: Ion 1–1423, 1583–1622; 134r: arg. IT; 134v–135v: IT 1–271; 136r–v: Ion 1424–1582; 137r–144r: IT 272-end; 144v–154r: IA; 154v–156v: blank; 157r–166v: Hipp.; 166v–176v: Med.; 176v: arg. Med., arg. Alc. (both added by Triclinius); 177r–183v: Alc.; 184r: arg. Andr.; 184r–191v: Andr.; 192r–200v: El.; 201r–209v: Hec.; 209v–220v: Or. (with title Ἡλέκτρα); 221r–232r: Ph. (Note that for arg. Andr. (184r) the script and ink look like those of Triclinius’ additions, but this arg. was not written by Triclinius himself according to Turyn and Zuntz 1965; the hand is very close to Triclinius’, but, for example, the backward lean of many epsilons is much more extreme than in Triclinius’ hand.)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Written in two columns (with short intrervals of three-column format for some lyric passages), read horizontally, usually 36-38 lines per column. Metrical annotations by Triclinius in the non-triad plays (cf. Zuntz 1965, 6–13; Matthiae V.595–600; Dindorf IV.210–219). Very sporadic glossing by other hands, with the most glosses shared with recentiores, Moschopulus or Thomas.

HANDS:

For Or. 1–500 just under 50 glosses are by a hand designated here as L2, who uses a lighter ink than the main scribe; but I have found one gloss (ἐργασιῶν over 160 ἐργμάτων) written by the original scribe.

IMAGES USED: Online images; scans of Turyn photos of a few pages of Euripidean section.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for "plut.32.02"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 222–258; Zuntz 1965; Matthiessen 39–40, Mastronarde–Bremer 7, Diggle 8

DISCUSSION:

L will be used mainly for arguments and the lists of dramatis personae, but its occasional glosses will also be collated.


SIGLUM: Ml

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: Marc. lat. XIV 232 (coll. 4257)

DATE: 1325–1350

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 70696   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): P. Zorzanello, Catalogo dei Codici Latini della Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana di Venezia non compresi nel catalogo di G. Valentinelli, III (Trezzano 1985) 364–368; E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. Volumen III codices qui in nonam, decimam undecimam inclusos et supplementa duo continens (Roma, 1972) 174–176

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (Euripidean portion) 130r–135v: Hec. 960–1295; 135v–136r: arg. Or.; 136r–145v: Or. 1–619

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Selection of old scholia and a few others.

IMAGES USED: New digital images from library.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Matthiessen 48

DISCUSSION:

Not yet collated. This is a composite volume, and the Euripidean portion is number 10 in Zorzanello but marked VIII on folio 130r.


SIGLUM: Mn

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Aug. in Matthiae, C in Dindorf

CITY: Munich

COLLECTION: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek

SHELFMARK: gr. 560

DATE: 14th century (early therein?)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 45008   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 7r–v: Hec. 1270–1295; 7v: Or. dram. pers. list and Or. 1–3; 8r–v: arg. Or. (including dram. pers. list again); 8v–10v: Or. 4–54; 11r–56v: Or. 102–1693; 56v–58v: arg. Ph.; 58v–99v: Ph. 1–1586; 100r–101v: Ph. 1632–1742

TYPE AND FORMAT:

One column per page, usually of 13–14 lines and ample space between lines, with annotation in the side margin on many pages (although some pages have few or none) as well as between the lines. These represent a partial set of scholia recentiora.

HANDS:

The manuscript was written by several hands, but the annotation on each page appears to be by the scribe of the text, and all are referred to as Mn.

IMAGES USED: Microfilm; grayscale images from library (digitized from microfilm).

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00085243/image_15   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 344; Matthiessen 129; Mastronarde–Bremer 7; Diggle 8.

DISCUSSION:

Most of the manuscript is written in a dark ink, but in some places there is a lighter ink for pers. notae and an occasional lemma, and for a few pages the lighter ink is used for the text and darker ink for the annotation. Others than for scholia found in V, Mn was the most commonly used source of the scholia recentiora that were printed in Matthiae and Dindorf.


SIGLUM: Mt

CITY: Madrid

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nacional

SHELFMARK: 4677

DATE: ca. 1300 according to N. G. Wilson, JHS 96 (1976) 172

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 40164   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): G. de Andres, Catalogo de los Codices Griegos de la Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid 1987), 224–226 (#127)

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original parts) 33r–41r: Or. 1276–1693; 41r–42r: arg. Ph.; 42r–73v: Ph. 1–1708

IMAGES USED: Microfilm (Ph.) and microfiche (Or.).; digital images acquired 2016.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 339–340; Mastronarde–Bremer 7–8; Diggle 8.

DISCUSSION:

This manuscript does not contain the beginning of Orestes and so does not appear in Release 1. I examined the original briefly in Madrid in 2011. The text is in black ink, sometimes greyer and sometimes brownish; pers. notae and some annotation in red ink (these appear to be old scholia), and other annotation in black ink, and finally some in lighter ink and smaller script, which seem later. The annotation consists of a mixture of basic glosses, some Moschopulean notes, and select old scholia.


SIGLUM: Ox

CITY: Oxford

COLLECTION: Bodleian Library

SHELFMARK: Auct. T.4.10

DATE: older part 1326, later part late 15th century

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 47196   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): H. Coxe, Greek Manuscripts, repr. with corrections, Oxford 1969 [Bodleian Libraries, Quarto Catalogues, 1]

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (older part) 28r: dram. pers. list for Hec.; 27r–73v: Hec.; 73v–74r: arg. Or.; 74v–130v: Or.; (later part) 1r: arg. Hipp.; 1v–27v: Hipp.; 131r–133r: arg. Thom. Ph.; 133v–140v: Ph. 1–425

TYPE AND FORMAT:

HANDS:

The older part is by a scribe Ioannes, who wrote, in a gray ink, the text and abundant interlinear annotation, but only a few marginal scholia; most of the interlinear notes are in a lighter gray ink. Additional glosses and marginal scholia are added by a later Western hand, Ox2; some of these are in red ink. The later part is written entirely by Georgios Alexandru, who uses rubrication only for pers. notae, headings, and a few γνώ(μη) marks.

IMAGES USED: New digital images (grayscale) from library. Autopsy May 2010.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 351–2; Matthiessen 43; Günther 226–227

DISCUSSION:

In Or. 1–500, Ox is closely related to Cr, but also contains additional material shared with recentiores and other types of witness. Ox2 has Moschopulean and Thoman scholia, and of the witness studied so far it is the only one outside the Thoman group to carry some discursive Thoman notes (eight in the portion Or. 1–500).


SIGLUM: P

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: (Vatican part) Rom. C in Matthiae; (Florence part) G in Prinz–Wecklein, Fl. 18 in Matthiae, Dindorf (incorrectly; once correctly as 18 Abbat. Flor.)

CITY: Vatican, Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: Palatinus graecus 287, Conventi soppressi 172

DATE: 1320–1325

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 66019    or 15874   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (Vatican part) 58r: arg. Andr., Andr.; 70v: arg. Med., Med.; 84r: arg. Su., Su.; 95r: arg. Rh., Rh.; 104v: arg. Ion., Ion; 119r: arg. IT, IT; 133r–147v: IA; 147v–148r: arg. Dan., Danae 1–65; 150v: arg. Hipp., Hipp.; 162v: arg. Alc., Alc.; 173r: arg. Tro., Tro.; 185r: arg. Ba., Ba; 197v: arg. Cycl., Cycl.; 203r: arg. Hcld.; 203r–211v: Hcld. 1–1002; (Florence part) 1r: Hcld. 1003–1055; 1v–13v: arg. Her., Her.; 13v–28r: arg. Hel., Hel.; 28r–40r: dram. pers. El, El.; 40r–51v: arg. Hec., Hec.; 51v–67r: arg. Or., Or.; 67r–83v: arg. Ph., Ph.

IMAGES USED: scans of Turyn photos of the Florence part; microfiche of part of Vatican part; I do not have immediate access to the printed facsimile: Euripidis quae in codicibus Palatino Graeco inter Vaticanos 287 et Laurentiano Conv. Soppr. 172 (olim Abbatiae Florentinae 2664) inveniuntur. Arte photografica vero R. Sarsaini, Romae [et] Fratrum Alinari, Florentiae. Phototypice expressa cura et impensis J.A. Spranger. 2 vols. 1939–1946.

ONLINE IMAGES: (Vatican part; digitized from black and white microfilm; the resolution is insufficient for small details) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Pal.gr.287   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 258–264, Zuntz 1965, 1–15 and passim; Matthiessen 40, Mastronarde–Bremer 8, Diggle 8

DISCUSSION:

Collated for arg. Or. and Or. 1–500 from Turyn photos. There are a few metrical marginalia on IT and IA entered by the rubricator (Ioannes Katrares: Zuntz 1965, 289), and I have found a few glosses on Orestes that appear on Turyn’s photos to be in the same or a similar red ink. These are recorded as P2. Some of these were recorded in Matthiae and Dindorf with the siglum Fl. 18. This designation was earlier used by C. D. Beck’s expanded reprint (1778–1788) of the Barnes edition: Euripidis Tragoediae Fragmenta Epistolae ex editione Josuae Barnesii nunc recusa, tomus III, x: by his description of the contents it is clear that Beck meant Laur. plut.31.18, which contains the Euripidean triad plus some Theocritus. Laur. 31.18 in fact has scholia only on the first few pages of Hecuba, with a few glosses later in Hec. and on several pages of Phoen.; but it features no annotation at all on Or. In Matthiae, however, (and thus in Dindorf too) Fl. 18 is reported for sch. Or. as the source of several items, which are those found in P. Oddly enough, Matthiae IV:386 (his sch. Or. 629 sq.) and Dindorf II.174,3–5 (his sch. Or. 640) record one scholion of P2 as from “18 Abbat. Flor.”; thus either the collation that reported these items to Matthiae was misidentified by him as that of Fl. 18, or 18 was once an alternative number for Abbatiae Florentinae 2664, facilitating the misunderstanding.


SIGLUM: Pc

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 1087

DATE: ca. 1300; (watermarks] 1305–1315 according to Irigoin 135 [=540]

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 50683   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 49r–50r: arg. Or., Or. 1–31

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The only full page of the play (50r) has 21 lines in one column with the side and bottom margin filled with scholia, and there are some interlinear glosses. The layout of 49v is similar, except that the upper third of the page is taken up with the remainder of the argumenta. Pc is clearly related in its glosses and discursive scholia (and in the variants of the argumenta) to the main recentiores, especially with MnPrRSSa.

HANDS:

The hand is South Italian as Turyn noted and Irigoin confirmed.

IMAGES USED: scans of Turyn photos

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10721774w   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 353; Irigoin 1982

DISCUSSION:

This is an odd extract. The codex contains a miscellany of texts by various hands. Perhaps 49r is the beginning of a new quire. Ths preceding pages are by different scribes, and on 50v there begins another miscellaneous extract, again by a different scribe. I do not detect any other contribution by the scribe of 49r–50r in the codex, and this scribe seems to have the most mannered hand of any represented therein.


SIGLUM: Pg

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: G in Schwartz for vita Euripidis (using old shelfmark S. Gen. 36)

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève

SHELFMARK: 3400

DATE: 14th c. (early)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 54060   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original parts) 1v–3v: vita; 4r–5v: Hec. 1–36; 8r–14v: Hec. 104–292; 20r–51v: Hec. 444–1225; 53r–55r: Hec. 1245-end; 55v: arg. Or.; 56r–122r: Or.; 122v–123v: arg. Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Mixture of scholia.

IMAGES USED: Microfiche for part only.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 353–354; Matthiessen 45; Günther 227

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Pl

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Vit. in Matthiae

CITY: Heidelberg

COLLECTION: Universitätsbibliothek

SHELFMARK: Palatinus graecus 18

DATE: 14th c. (or end of 13th?)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 32452   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 240r: arg. Hec.; 240r–244v: Hec. 1–274

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The first three pages have text in one column and an equal column of scholia, but thereafter the verses are in two columns (read horizontally) with only a few scholia crammed in the narrow margins and a large continuous block of scholia from the bottom quarter of 243r to the top quarter of 244r, and another from the bottom quarter of 244r to the top half of 244v (the rest of 244v is blank). A few glosses are added in a different ink (possibly a different hand) on lines 1–25 only. The discursive scholia are of the sort carried by the main recentiores.

IMAGES USED: Scans of Turyn photos and color digital images online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cpgraec18   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 338; Matthiessen 41

DISCUSSION:

The Universitätsbibliothek digital site gives the date as Ende 13. Jh.; the script of the scholia has Fettaugenstil features. Not yet collated, but a brief perusal identified scholia shared with RPrSa.


SIGLUM: Pr

CITY: Reims

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque de la Ville

SHELFMARK: 1306 (J 733)

DATE: ca. 1290–1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 55784   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–12v: Hec. 81-end; 12v–13r: arg. Or.; 13r–32r: Or.; 32r: arg. Ph.; 32v–45v: Ph. 1–123 and 879-end (but the pages are now bound out of order as follows: 32v (1–26), 41r–v (1383–1470), 33r–34v (27–123), 35r–36v (879–1046), 39r–40v (1200–1382), 37r–v (1046–1127), 42r–45v (1471–1766), 38r–v (1128–1198), then 12 later pages numbered i-xii, with Ph. 273–808

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Scholia typical of the recentiores, with many teachers’ scholia intermingled.

HANDS:

The text and annotation (and pers. notae and ornaments) by the original hand are in brownish black ink. A later hand writing in a more regular and widely-spaced script (Pr2) writes some notes in Hec. in an ink that appears red or reddish brown depending on the thickness of the stroke; in Or. the same hand’s additions are in a brown ink with hardly any tinge of red, sometimes yellowish brown. Some tiny cursive glosses are assigned to Prrec when I feel enough confidence they are not just Pr adding something on a second pass (but the decision is uncertain in many places).

IMAGES USED: Digitized images from microfilm. Autopsy checking June 2019.

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized images from black and white microfilm) http://bvmm.irht.cnrs.fr/consult/consult.php?reproductionId=4890   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 354, Matthiessen 45, Mastronarde–Bremer 8, Diggle 8–9

DISCUSSION:

Pr also contains occasional Latin glosses in a very light yellowish-brown ink. The hand Pr2, in addition to glosses and some grammatical scholia relevant to Or., has added at the bottom of 21v nine iambic trimeters that are a version of part of an extract ascribed to Nicephoros Philosophos (9–10 cent.) in Dositheos II Patriarcha (17–18th cent.), Dodecabiblos Ζʹ-Ηʹ, Book 8, p. 369,16–24 (TLG); also on 45v, Gregor. Naz. epigrammata 134–138 (Anth. Gr. Beckby).


SIGLUM: R

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 1135

DATE: late 13th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 67766   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–10v: sch. on Hec. in continuous block; 11r–v: arg. Hec.; 11v–43v: Hec.; 43v–44v: arg. Or.; 44v–87r: Or.; 87r–101v: sch. on Or. 1–1130 in continuous block; 102v–103r: arg. Ph.; 104r–148r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia with some teachers’ scholia; glosses by original hand and additional hand(s). Most scholia are in separate sections before Hec. and after Or., but others are in the margins, sometimes duplicating those in the continuous block.

IMAGES USED: Online images since 2015; prints for Orestes, microfilm for Phoenissae, prints from microfilm for Hecuba; some autopsy inspection conducted in May 2012 and April 2016.

ONLINE IMAGES: As of late 2015, excellent images of R have been made available at: http://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.1135/   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 94–96; Matthiessen 47; Mastronarde–Bremer 8–9; Diggle 9.

DISCUSSION:

Written in South Italy. Both the material and the script are poor, and this is a palimpsest with the Euripides text on top. For Hecuba the scholia through line 981 plus a few on lines 1076, 1200, 1213 are written in a block on fols. 1r–10v, before the text of the play. In the blank space in the lower half of 10v a later hand has added a brief narrative of Orion’s blinding by Oinopion and the cure of his blindness, which may be considered a scholion on Hec. 1102. On the first few folios for the text of Hecuba, there are interlinear glosses and some marginal scholia in lighter ink and a smaller and fuzzy script; after a few pages one can see in addition some glosses in a very fine black script, and a larger sloppier hand e.g. on 17r in margin; later in this play many pages have no annotation at all. Marginal notes resume on 34r and continue to the end of Hecuba: these marginal notes cover the last 350 lines of the play, for which there are only a couple of scholia in the block on 1r–10v. For Orestes some marginal scholia appear from the beginning to 53r, with very few thereafter; the poor legibility of these notes is apparently due to damage and not deliberate erasure (the pages have also been trimmed, losing words in the top margin); the glosses are either fuzzy and similar in tint to the main text or in a sharper and blacker script. A fuller set of scholia is written (through Or. 1130) after the end of Orestes, on fols. 87v–101v, with reference numbers keyed back to the text. For Phoenissae there are glosses and a few marginal notes, but the glosses become sparse later in the play. I use Ra to indicate the scholia that are in the margins of the text and Rb to indicate those in the continuous scholia on fols. 1r–10v and 87v–101v. For the supralinear (or marginal) glosses I use R.

Between the last scholion on Orestes (one-third of the way down on fol. 101v) and the arg. Ph. (on fol. 102v), there are vocabulary notes, a narrative on Daidalus and Icarus, and a quotation of Arist. Nub. 37. This material is described in more detail in Prelim, Stud., 149–152.


SIGLUM: Rf

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Fl. 33 in Matthiae and Dindorf

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 32.33

DATE: ca. 1290–1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16297   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original parts) 105v–114r: Hec. 572-end; 114r–115v: arg Or.; 115v–134v: Or.; 134v: arg. Ph.; 135r–150v: Ph. 1–1726

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Incomplete set of scholia matching the old scholia or typical of the recentiores. Normally two columns of poetic text with a somewhat narrower third column on the outer margin containing scholia (on a few pages there are three columns of poetic text and no scholia); on denser pages, scholia may also appear in top and bottom margin, or just in the bottom (less often just in the top) margin.

HANDS:

The same scribe has used a variety of inks. Some annotations are in dark ink, occasionally shading toward light brown when the ink on the pen is running out (Rf), some in red ink (Rfr), and a few are in a light yellowish brown ink, recorded as Rf2. The red ink is used inconsistently for some glosses, initials of scholia, first words of scholia, or an entire scholion.

IMAGES USED: Scans of Turyn photos; online images. Some autopsy inspection May 2013, April March 2019.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for "plut.32.33"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 337–338; Matthiessen 40; Mastronarde–Bremer 9; Diggle 9.

DISCUSSION:

Scholia on Hecuba 572–end; on Orestes 1–89 and 1037–end, with only a few on the intervening lines; and on Phoenissae 1–1661. On 116r the scholia block ends in the middle of sch. Or. 89, and there are no scholia on the next pages and indeed very few from 116v to 129r, containing Or. 90–1036 (there is a full column of scholia on 126v). On fol. 150v, containing Phoen. 1662–1726, a strip of paper has been glued on for repair, but there is no sign that any scholia have been covered by this repair.


SIGLUM: Rv

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 1332

DATE: 14th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 67963   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–8r: Ph. 1001–1766

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia or modifications typical of recentiores, arranged in blocks on three sides of the two columns of poetic text.

IMAGES USED: prints; some autopsy of the most damaged parts March 2019

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 359, Matthiessen 68, Mastronarde–Bremer 9

DISCUSSION:

The edges of the pages are damaged, especially at the top, leading to some loss in the scholia blocks.


SIGLUM: Rw

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: W in Schwartz for vita Euripidis

CITY: Vienna

COLLECTION: Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek

SHELFMARK: Phil. gr. 119

DATE: ca. 1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 71233   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): H. Hunger, Katalog der griechischen Handschriften der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek 1: Codices historici, codices philosophici et philologici, 1961: 230

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: arg. Hec.; 1v–13v: Hec; 13v: arg. Or.; 14r–31v: Or.; 32r–v: arg. Ph.; 32v–45v: Phoen. 1–1271; 46r–53v: later replacement for Ph. 1272–1766 (no scholia)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia, mostly arranged in blocks on three sides of the two columns of poetic text, but on some pages on two sides or just in the side column.

IMAGES USED: Digital images from library.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://data.onb.ac.at/rep/10027013   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 361–362, Matthiessen 48, Mastronarde–Bremer 9, Diggle 9

DISCUSSION:

The scholia for Phoenissae cover only lines 1–1028.


SIGLUM: S

CITY: Salamanca

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Universitaria

SHELFMARK: 31

DATE: dated 1326 by the scribe Ioannes Kalliandros

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 56451   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): Antonio Tovar, Catalogus Codicum Graecorum Universitatis Salamantinae. I. Collection Universitatis Antiquae [Acta Salamanticensia, Filosofia y Letras, XV.4 (1963)] 11, 12, 21–25, 88; but see now T. Martínez Marzano, Historia del Fondo Manuscrito Griego de la Universidad de Salamanca (Salamanca 2015) 131–132

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 114v–115v: etymologies and other notes (ἐτυμολογίαι καὶ ἄλλἄττα τοῦ πρώτου δράματος τοῦ εὐριπίδους τοῦ περὶ τῆς ἑκάβης); 115v–116r: metrical definitions; 116r–117r: short treatise on tragedy (ἰσαακίου τοῦ τζέτζου ἐξήγησις εἰς τὸν εὐριπίδην); 117r–119r: vitae Eur. and other material; 119r–v: arg. Hec.; 119v–143r (143v blank): Hec.; 144r–v: arg. Or.; 144v–169r: Or.; 169r–170v: arg. Ph; 170v–206r: Ph. (Ph. 1–4 and the initial sch. appear on 169v, but the long Peisander sch. is written, and on 170v the play text begins again from line 1.)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Partial set of scholia in the form typical of recentiores, mixed with teachers’ scholia. Blocks of scholia occur at irregular intervals, and there are many supralinear annotations and a few in margins of the text (which is sometimes in one column and sometimes in two columns). The scribe also at times neglects the line divisions of the iambic trimeters, and this may have contributed to some instances in which glosses are misplaced. Rubrication is sparingly used and hard to see except on the newest color images: red ink is used for marking off most individual scholia with a corner bracket, or sometimes a vertical red stroke through the enlarged capital initial (in black); also on some pages a red vertical stroke is placed to the left of lines of Eur. so the reader can detect them in the disordered arrangement of text and scholia.

HANDS:

Ioannes Kalliandros, PLP 10352

IMAGES USED: scans from microfiche (partial); microfilm; more recently, new digital images; some autopsy inspection in June 2011

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 96, Matthiesen 45, Mastronarde–Bremer 9, Diggle 9; see also Martínez Marzano 2016

DISCUSSION:

The whole codex is the work of one scribe, although his hand is variable in spacing and size and features a great variety in the forms of individual letters. The scribe’s practice of writing small letters with a thick stroke leads to many ambiguities.

On the miscellany of material that appears before the triad in S (partly copied from Sb, partly shared with Sa), see Prelim. Stud. 107–148.


SIGLUM: Sa

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: V in Schwartz for vita Euripidis, arg. Hec.

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 1345

DATE: ca. 1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 67976   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 95r–97r: (in jumbled order) vita Eur., arg. Hec., poems on Eur., misc. scholia on Hec.; 97r–123r: Hec; 123r–v: arg. Or.; 123v–153v: Or; 154r–178v: Ph.; 179r–v: sch. on final lines of Ph., and Peisander sch.; 180r: etymologies and other notes (opening lines of the same miscellany found in S and in Sb)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Partial set of scholia with modicifications typical of the recentiores, mixed with teachers’ scholia; there are also supralinear glosses and a few short marginal annotations. The scholia are disposed in blocks at irregular points, sometimes above and below the two columns of poetic text, sometimes in a single block at top or bottom or filling the whole page. Sometimes scholia appear several pages after the line they apply to, and for some sections after a particular block of poetic lines, the discursive scholia on those lines are written in one block before the next section of text begins. See, for instance, the blocks of scholia on Hecuba on folios 115r to 117r, where the scholia are also numbered in sequence in the margin, continuing from one block to the next, although no corresponding reference numbers are visible in the poetic text. In the first part of Orestes the scholia block runs beyond the page on which the corresponding text occurs, and in order to get back into closer alignment of scholia and text the scribe seems to have omitted scholia on a stretch of lines.

HANDS:

Theodoros, see RGK III #224; PLP 7404

IMAGES USED: prints for Or., Ph.; print from microfilm for Hec.; some autopsy inspection in May 2012, April 2016, March 2019.

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized images from black and white microfilm) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.1345   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 96, Matthiessen 47, Mastronarde–Bremer 10, Diggle 9–10

DISCUSSION:

The scribe uses black ink for the text and scholia; a dark brown ink for some of the interlinear glosses; a brown ink for most personarum notae; and an extremely faint reddish gray ink for a few personarum notae and for initials of scholia, or starting ar fol. 128r for whole lemmata. This light ink has often faded almost to invisibility and sometimes cannot be detected on images; even on the original it is at times hard to discern whether an initial was omitted or has faded out.


SIGLUM: Sb

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 31.03

DATE: 1287, as dated by the scribe

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16234   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: fol. 145v–146r: miscellany of etymologies and other notes on Hecuba (the codex at present contains no plays of Euripides)

HANDS:

Written by Manuel Spheneas, PLP 27256

IMAGES USED: online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for "plut.31.03"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 1943, 54–55; Turyn 1972, I.55–56; Martínez 2016

DISCUSSION:

This codex has the siglum B for the Aeschylean portion. The Salamanca ms S copied the miscellany of notes from Sb. See Prelim. Stud. 115–116.


SIGLUM: Vd

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Zv in Diggle

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 1824

DATE: 14th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 68453   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): P. Canart, Codices Vaticani Graeci 1745–1962 (Vatican City 1970) 240–250

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 81r–85v: Or. 1385–1557; 86r–v: Ph. 802–842, 87r–v: Or. 1558–1591

IMAGES USED: Photographs; autopsy inspection May 2012

ONLINE IMAGES: (from microfilm) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.1824   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 359–60; Mastronarde 1985, 99–102; Diggle 13, 92 n. 38, 106, 149

DISCUSSION:

Vat. gr. 1824 and 1825 are two parts of a composite collection of texts, among which the Euripidean part (Zv, fols. 31r–53r) preserves part of Phoenissae. But unrelated folios are also bound in, as is the case with 81r–87v in Vat. gr. 1824, here called Vd ( Diggle used Zv for both parts in the OCT). All the elements of these pages are probably the work of the same scribe, but there are different inks: a dark brown ink for text, a lighter, yellowish brown ink for interlinear notes, and the darker ink again for a further stage of interlinear notes (which seem to have been added after the lighter ones).


SIGLUM: W

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: E in Diggle

CITY: Mt. Athos

COLLECTION: Μονὴ Ἰβήρων

SHELFMARK: 161 (now 209)

DATE: ca. 1300

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 23758   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–6v: Ph. 1150–1766; 6v: arg. Hipp.; 7r–18r: Hipp.; 18v–30v: Medea 1–1338

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Short scholia and glosses on some pages, usually related to those found in the recentiores. The poetic text is in two columns of about 32 lines each, read horizontally. Most annotation is supralinear, but on a few pages of Hipp. there are some scholia in the narrow outer margin.

HANDS:

Fols. 1–16 are written by one scribe, and 17–30 by another (changeover at Hipp. 1352–1353).

IMAGES USED: microfilm for 1r–11r only; scans of Turyn photos for all; newer digital images received from National Bank Cultural Foundation: Center for History and Palaeography, Athens, with the permission of Monk Theologos

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 325, Mastronarde–Bremer 10

DISCUSSION:

Annotation not yet examined in detail, and some items will be difficult to decipher because of the poor state of the manuscript. Glosses and a few scholia on Ph. and the first 500 lines or so of Hipp.; thereafter scholia only on Hipp. 1464, 1465, Med. 1181, 1333 (this last is illegible on the image). The Hipp. scholia were not included in Cavarzeran’s edition: see Mastronarde 2018, 197.


SIGLUM: Yn

CITY: Naples

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III

SHELFMARK: II.F.37

DATE: 14th cent. (ca. 1300-1310 acc. to Günther for the earlier hands)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 46206   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): M. Formentin, Catalogus Codicum Graecorum Bibliothecae Nationalis Neapolitanae, 2 (Roma 1995) 42

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 4r–8v: Hec. 217–437; 9r: unidentified Christian text, upside down; 9v–14v: Hec. 438–698 (438–439 originally omitted, but added by main hand in lighter ink); 15r–16v: Hec. 749-end; 27r: arg. Or.; 27v–62r: Or.; 62v: arg. Ph.; 63r–92v: Ph. (omitting 396–447) [The pages of Hecuba were placed in the correct textual order after Turyn saw the manuscript.]

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A mixture of scholia, including old scholia and those found in the recentiores and, added by a second hand, Moschopulean and those alleged by Turyn to be Planudean. Mostly formatted in one column of about 22 lines with the scholia either in two narrow columns (for most of Hec. and some of the beginning of Or.) or in one wider column; and sometimes the text is written in two columns read horizontally (all or part of the pages 60v–62r, again 84v–92v). There are many supralinear glosses.

HANDS:

More than one hand wrote the text (although one scribe did the lion’s share), and the annotation is in several colors and several hands that will be complicated to discriminate. For details see Formentin and Günther.

IMAGES USED: New digital images from library; older microfilms (incomplete).

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 60; Matthiesen 50; Günther 29–30

DISCUSSION:

Not yet collated.


SIGLUM: Zc

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: H in Schwartz for vita Euripidis

CITY: Copenhagen

COLLECTION: Det Kongelige Bibliotek

SHELFMARK: Gamle Kongelig Samling [GKS] 3549 oktav

DATE: 1300–1325

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 37215   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): B. Schartau, Codices Graeci Haunienses. Ein deskriptiver Katalog des griechischen Handschriftenbestandes der Königlichen Bibliothek Kopenhagen, Copenhagen 1994, 231–232

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–2v: vita; 2v–3v: arg. Hec.; 4r–15v: Hec. 1–322; 16r–48r: Hec. 353–end; 48r–49v: arg. Or.; 50r–103v: Or. 1–1657; 104r: Or. 1688–1693; 104r–106v: arg. Phoen.; 106v–158v: Phoen.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Text in one column, normally of 15 lines. Some marginal scholia of mixed origin on Hecuba and rarely elsewhere, except for Thoman scholia on Phoen. 1–102. Interlinear glosses of mixed origin, but for Orestes 1–500 most glosses are Moschopulean. Glossing is abundant in some sections, and very sparse or completely absent in others.

HANDS:

In Or. 1–500 the vast majority of the glosses are by Zc, but the same hand has added a few in red, Zcr. There also are a few designated Zc2 that have been added separately in a lighter ink, probably still by the same scribe.

IMAGES USED: Online digital images, replacing old microfilms and microfiche

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.kb.dk/manus/vmanus/2011/dec/ha/object107154/da/   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 180, Matthiessen 51, Mastronarde–Bremer 12, Günther 55

FURTHER BIBLIOGRAPHY: See Schartau’s catalogue entry.



Manuscripts with Moschopulean scholia


SIGLUM: X

CITY: Oxford

COLLECTION: Bodleian Library

SHELFMARK: Auct. F.3.25

DATE: ca. 1330–1340

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 47085   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): H. Coxe, Greek Manuscripts, repr. with corrections, Oxford 1969 [Bodleian Libraries, Quarto Catalogues, 1]

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 98r–v: vita Eur.; 98v: arg. Hec.; 99r–126v: Hec.; 126v–127r: arg Or; 127v–159r: Or.; 159r–v: arg. Ph.; 159v–194r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean annotation, with the side block (and rarely a few lines at top and/or bottom of text when more space is required) reserved for scholia (including some short notes that are supralinear in the other main witnesses), and some glosses and short notes above the line, or intermarginally on rectos.

HANDS:

The text and scholia are by the same hand, X, although the scholia are written in a lighter brownish ink (and with finer strokes) and the text in a brownish black ink (in thickish strokes). A few scholia are additions made by a corrector in black ink (X2), and the same hand made some minor corrections in the scholia and in the text. The rubricator supplied ornamentation, initials, pers. notae, and the γνωμικόν abbreviations, but no glosses.

IMAGES USED: digitized images from microfilm (also prints for Or., microfilm for Hec. and Ph.); some autopsy May 2010

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 42, Matthiessen 49, Mastronarde–Bremer 10, Diggle10; Günther 38


SIGLUM: Xa

CITY: Oxford

COLLECTION: Bodleian Library

SHELFMARK: Barocci 120

DATE: ca. 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 47407   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): H. Coxe, Greek Manuscripts, repr. with corrections, Oxford 1969 [Bodleian Libraries, Quarto Catalogues, 1] [no addenda for this ms, same as cited by Turyn]

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r: vita Eur.; 1r–v: arg. Hec.; 2r–31r: Hec.; 31r–v: arg. Or.; 32r–68v: Or.; 69r blank; 69v: arg. Ph.; 70r–109v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Text in on column varying from 20 to about 26 lines, usually 22 to 24, with scholia in the ample side margin and on a few pages also the bottom margin. Moschopulean annotation, longer notes in side block, others above the line.

HANDS:

Ioannes, RGK II 271; known to have worked with Planudes and Nikephoros Moschopoulos ca. 1300

IMAGES USED: prints for Or., microfilm for Hec. and Ph.; some autopsy May 2010; excellent online images available as of 2014

ONLINE IMAGES: http://digital.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/    (enter “barocci 120” in the search field)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 98, Matthiessen 49, Mastonarde-Bremer 11, Diggle 10, Günther 39.

DISCUSSION:

The manuscript as a whole consists of sections written by several scribes, as described by Günther; and the annotation is sometimes entered by the main scribe and sometimes supplied by a different scribe (see Günther). The main text is in light brown ink on fols. 1r–9v, 17v (part of Hec.) and 69v–87v (part of Phoen.); in black ink on fols. 10r–68v (rest of Hec., all Or.), 88r–109v (rest of Phoen.); red is used for initials and for notae personarum. The scholia are sometimes in the same ink as the text and sometimes in a contrasting color (black on brown-ink pages, or brown on black-ink pages). On some pages of Hecuba some notes are in black while others are in light gray. Water damage has affected the scholia on many pages. Occasionally I use Xa2 to distinguish what seems to be a different hand adding a gloss on a page already glossed by the main hand (e.g., for Hec. on fol. 2v, the glosses on line 40).


SIGLUM: Xb

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Flor. 76 in Matthiae and Dinforf

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: Conventi soppressi 71

DATE: early 14th cent., perhaps 1310–1320

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 15817   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: [using numbers in lower left of each recto] 124r: vita Eur.; 124r–v: arg. Hec.; 124v–154v: Hec.; 154v: arg. Or.; 155r–197r: Or.; 197v: arg. Ph.; 198r–244v: Ph.1–1687; [using numbers in the upper right] 117r: vita Eur.; 117r–v: arg. Hec.; 117v–147v: Hec.; 147v: arg. Or.; 148r–190r: Or.; 190v: arg. Ph.; 191r–237v: Ph. 1–1687

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Text in one column, usually of 21–22 lines, with scholia in the side margin and only rarely with a few lines in the top or bottom margins. Moschopulean annotation, with longer notes either in the side column or starting over the line, extending all the way into the side block, and finishing with lines in that column.

HANDS:

Text, scholia, and glosses are in the same ink by the same hand. There are a few corrections by a later hand, Xb2.

IMAGES USED: digitized images from microfilm (also old microfilm, some prints, scans from select pages in Turyn photographs); some autopsy May 2013, April 2019.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 98, Matthiessen 49, Mastronarde–Bremer 12, Diggle 10, Günther 40


SIGLUM: Xc

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Flor. 56 in Matthiae, Dindorf

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: Conventi soppressi 11

DATE: 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 15785   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–25r: Hec.; 25v: arg. Or.; 26r–58r: Or.; 58v: arg. Ph.; 59r–93r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 127–128, Günther 42–43

DISCUSSION:

Not yet seen.


SIGLUM: Xd

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Xe in Diggle for Or.

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2795

DATE: ca. 1340

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52432   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 123r–v: vita; 123v–124r: arg. Hec.; 124r–160v: Hec.; 160v–161r: arg. Or.; 161r–206r: Or.; 206r–v: arg. Ph.; 206v–254v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Partial set of Moschopulean scholia and glosses, with some other material added.

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b84704434   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 141; Diggle 10; Günther 45–46

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Xe

CITY: Modena

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Estense

SHELFMARK: α.U.9.19

DATE: 1310–1320

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 43486   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original part) 178v: vita, arg. Hec.; 179r–195v: Hec. 1–795; 207r–212v: Hec. 897–1223; 196r: Hec. 1275-end; 196v: arg. Or; 196v–205v: Or. 1–494; 214r–237v: Or. 495-end; 238r: arg. Ph.; 238r–283r: Ph. 1–1763

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia and glosses, with some additional glosses by a second hand.

IMAGES USED: microfiche and scans from microfiche (partial: only Or. 1–494, Hec. 897–1197)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 133; Günther 43–44

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Xf

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2820

DATE: 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52458   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 186r–209v: Hec. 310-end; 210r–v: arg. Or.; 211r–219v: Or. 1–343; 220r–227v: Or. 607–896; 228r–231v: Or. 377–531 (duplicate lines); 232r-237v: Or. 343–570; 238r–257v: Or. 897-end

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia and glosses.

HANDS:

For the multiple hands see Günther.

IMAGES USED: Microfilm and online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b107229295   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 147; Günther 47

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied, apart from collation for Or. arg. 3 ἡ κατάληξις and the subscription. For the confusion causing some duplication and some missed lines (Or. 571–606) see Günther


SIGLUM: Xg

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2794 and 2800

DATE: ca. 1340

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52431    , 52437   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (2794) 126r–138v: Or. 503–947 out of order (correct sequence fol. 137–138, 126–129, 131, 130, 132–136); (2800 original part) 17r–45v: Hec. 306-end; 45v–46r: arg. Or.; 46v–59v: Or. 1–17, 52–502; 60r–81v: Or. 948-end; 81v–82r: arg. Ph.; 82r–134r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia and glosses.

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10722925c    http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10721688q   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 140–142; Günther 44–45

DISCUSSION:

These two manuscripts together with Par. gr. 2795 were originally one codex with all three tragic triads.


SIGLUM: Xm

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: B 97 sup.

DATE: 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42342   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 108r: vita; 108r–v: arg. Hec.; 109r–140v: Hec.; 140v–141r: arg. Or.; 141r–182v: Or.; 183r–v: arg. Ph.; 183v–226v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia and glosses.

HANDS:

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 132; Günther 43

DISCUSSION:

Very briefly examined by autopsy in March 2015.


SIGLUM: Xn

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: G 43 sup.

DATE: ca. 1310–1320

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42809   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (later replacement) 3r–v: vita; 4r: arg. Hec.; 4v–9v: Hec. 1–239; (original part) 10r–41r: Hec. 240-end; 41r–v: arg. Or.; 42r–91r: Or.; 91r–v: arg. Ph.; 92r–143v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia and glosses (both in the original and in the replacement).

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 132–133; Günther 43

DISCUSSION:

Very briefly examined by autopsy in March 2015.


SIGLUM: Xo

CITY: Oxford

COLLECTION: Bodleian Library

SHELFMARK: Laud gr. 54

DATE: 14th cent., perhaps ca. 1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 48275   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): H. Coxe, Greek Manuscripts, repr. with corrections, Oxford 1969 [Bodleian Libraries, Quarto Catalogues, 1]

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–6v: Hec. 1–284; 7r–38r: Or. 165–1693; 38v blank; 39r: arg. Ph.; 39r–77r: Ph.

IMAGES USED: Grayscale digital images; some autopsy May 2010

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 139–140; Günther 41

DISCUSSION:

Black ink for text, red for adornment, pers. notae, initials of marginal sch.; the interlinear scholia are partly in red, partly in dark ink, and partly in a light grayish brown ink (Xo2), some of which are marked with πγ (Günther speculates that this is for Πεπαγωμένος); the relative proportions of the different colors of the glosses varies from page to page. Inks can sometimes be difficult to distinguish on the grayscale digital images, but the first hand also writes in a neater script, while the later hand (or hands?) writes more irregularly and casually. The first hand offers mainly pure Moscholopulean annotation, while the later hand draws on other sources.


SIGLUM: G

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Q in Schwartz for vita Euripidis, arg. Hec.

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: L 39 sup.

DATE: ca. 1320

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42949   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: unnumbered damaged folio before fol. 1 (called I by Turyn, IV by Günther): vita Eur. (recto and top of verso), arg. Hec. (rest of verso); 1r–24v: Hec.; 24v–25r: arg. Or.; 25r–54r: Or.;54v: arg. Ph.; 55r–87v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A rather full set of Moschopulean marginal scholia and supralinear glossation, with some variations in wording, and a few additional annotations, possibly of the scribe’s own composition.

HANDS:

The scholar/scribe is probably Georgios Phrankopulos, PLP 30135, RGK 3A 242 (see Discussion below).

IMAGES USED: microfilm, then grayscale digital images; some autopsy checking March 2015

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 342, 164; Matthiessen 42–43; Mastronarde–Bremer 6–7; Diggle 8; Günther 57–59

DISCUSSION:

The marginal scholia are in the same blackish brown ink as the main text, while the interlinear glossation by the same hand is in red (like the lemmata and personarum notae). A significantly later addition in faint ink at Or. 234 is designated as Grec. At the end of Hec. G has in the right margin ὁμοῦ στίχοι ͵ασλγʹ: +εὐριπίδου ὀρέστης:

The identification of the scribe is persuasively made by Gaul 2008, 178–182 (following Turyn 1964, 108–109): in Vat. gr. 7 (around 1310) the same scribe copied a large etymological dictionary compiled by Georgios Phrankopoulos, and the evidence of the manner of correction and addition suggests the the scribe is also the compiler.


SIGLUM: Y

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: a in Schwartz, N in Cobet, Prinz–Wecklein, Neap. in Diggle

CITY: Naples

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III

SHELFMARK: II.F.9

DATE: 14th cent. (original copying 1320–1330 acc. to Günther)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 46177   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): M. Formentin, Catalogus Codicum Graecorum Bibliothecae Nationalis Neapolitanae, 2 (Roma 1995) 124–131

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 93r: vita Eur., arg. Hec.; 93v–104r: Hec.; 104r–v: arg. Or.; 104v–118r: Or.; 118r: arg. Ph.; 118v–133r: Ph; 133r: arg. Tro.; 133r–140v: Tro.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

The pages are laid out in three columns, with the text in the two inner columns (sequence of lines across the columns) and scholia in the outer column, with occasional use of the upper and/or lower margins, even by the first hand. Argumenta are written in one wide column. The second hand squeezes in notes in free space in all the margins and sometimes between the columns. There is ample glossation by the first hand, with additions by the second. The first hand records a fairly full set of Moschopulean scholia and a few labeled as Planudean. The second hand adds scholia of other origin, some old and some teachers’ scholia and at least one Thoman note.

IMAGES USED: Color digital images (of the Euripides portion of the manuscript only)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 54, Matthiessen 49, Mastronarde–Bremer 15, Günther 25

DISCUSSION:

In the triad the main text and Moschopoulean glosses and scholia are written by the first hand in a careful style. The ink used is sometimes a medium brown and sometimes a blacker tone. On a few pages some annotation is written in red, Yr, in some places darker than the red of the initial rubrication of personarum notae, and in other places brighter (tending to red-orange), but probably both types of red are used by the main scribe. Subsequently (about a decade later, 1330–1340 acc. to Günther), another hand replaced some of the Sophocles pages of this manuscript and also added some notes to the Euripides portion. I follow Günther in calling this hand Ya (it appears very rarely in Or. 1–500), but suspect it is still the same scribe working at a later stage. Another hand, Y2 (or is it the same scribe deliberately using a more cursive hand when adding material from other sources?), has added in a more cursive style additional notes from a variety of sources; this hand uses a contrasting color of ink, darker when the first phase is in light ink, and lighter when the first phase is in darker ink. The distinction between Ya and Y2 is sometimes difficult. The text and scholia of Tro. were said by Schwartz and Turyn to be copied from V; and my collation has confirmed this. For more about the hands, see Prelim. Studies 89–92.

Y is of special interest because it has scholia labeled with μαξ for Maximus Planudes. For discussion of this label and commented edition of the scholia that are so marked see Prelim. Studies 89–103.

My plan to inspect Y in person in March 2020 was forestalled by the COVID-19 crisis.


SIGLUM: Yf

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Fl. 59 in Matthiae and Dindorf.

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: Conventi soppressi 98 [formerly Abbatia Florentina 2872, then 59]

DATE: 14th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 15830   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 3r: vita Eur.; 3r–v: arg. Hec.; 4r–34r: Hec.; 34r–v: arg. Or.; 35r–42v: an unrelated quire; 43r–80r: Or.; 80v–81v: arg. Ph.; 82v–124v: Ph.; 124v: arg. Andr.; 125r–v: Andr. 1–40 (no scholia)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Partial set of Moschopulean annotation on the triad, and additional notes of various kinds, including teachers’ scholia added by the second hand.

IMAGES USED: Microfilm; scans of Turyn photographs. Some autopsy study in 2013.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 56–57, Matthiessen 50, Mastronarde–Bremer 15, Günther 28

DISCUSSION:

The text and glosses are in an ink that varies in appearance from dark brown to black. Marginal annotation is often added in two stages. Generally, the first stage (essentially Mosch. scholia) is in a slightly lighter ink than the main text, in finer strokes; at a second stage, Yf2, other notes are worked into the margin around the existing ones, in a somewhat darker ink in thicker strokes, often with a border drawn around the previous note.

Turyn, 57–60, notes that Yf2 has added the scholion on Hec. 87 that is marked with μαξ in Y, and he speculates that many other of the added scholia in Yf may be Planudean, but mischaracterizes what should be regarded as Planudean. See Prelim. Studies 105–106.


SIGLUM: Gr

CITY: Wolfenbüttel

COLLECTION: Herzog August Bibliothek

SHELFMARK: Gudianus gr. 15

DATE: 1320–1330 (or somewhat later for second hand?)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 72059   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): D. Harlfinger, Griechische Handschriften und Aldinen 1978, 42–45.

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: the first 3 folios are later replacements; 4r–27r: Hec. 91–1295; 27r: Thom. synopsis to Or.; 27v: arg. Or.; 28r–62v: Or.; 63r: arg. Ph., Thom. synopsis to Ph.; 63v–98r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Scholia in a column on the outer edge of the page, and rarely across the top or bottom margin. The additions made by a different scribe (if it is not the same scribe deliberately using a contrasting script) are added in spaces in the scholia block and other free spaces, sometimes in additional very narrow columns in the outer or inner margin of the page. See further under Discussion.

IMAGES USED: microfiche and scans from microfiche; new color digital images (2014)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 61, 164, Matthiessen 50, Mastronarde–Bremer 15, Günther 54–55

DISCUSSION:

The first hand, known as Gr since Dinforf, added, for much of the triad, but not all, a set of Moschopulean annotation; this stage of annotation is in red ink for Hec. and Or. and Ph. 1–323 (through 69v), but in the same brown ink as the text for Ph. 324–end (70v–98r); occasionally Gr has written Thoman notes instead. A second hand has been given the separate siglum Gu since the time of Dindorf. For this hand a date ca. 1350 or somewhat later is proposed by Harlfinger, but Günther supports Turyn’s view that Gu’s work is closer in date to the work of Gr. Gu has added scholia in a smaller script, in brown ink, crowded around the previous annotation, and the vast majority of these additions are Thoman, though sometimes in a slightly different wording than found in other witnesses, or in agreement with Zm or ZmT against ZZa. In some places, however, as in early parts of Hecuba, Gu adds Mosch. annotation (where Gr had already supplied the Thoman and omitted the Moschopulean). Gu also has a few notes from other sources or possibly of his own creation.

It has become apparent as collations of the Moschopulean and Thoman witnesses have expanded to cover all of the triad that Dindorf’s edition omits quite a number of glosses by both scholars, so that between these omissions and the instances in which Gr’s gloss is Thoman or Gu’s is Moschopulean, Gr/Gu entries in Dindorf give only an approximate and uncertain idea of these two commentaries. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that some elements added by Gu are not from either source.

Like the subsequent hands in a few other manuscripts, the scribe Gu often allows a word already written by Gr to serve as part of the Thoman scholion he is adding. For example, above εἰ μὴ at Or. 272 the Moschopulean gloss written by Gr is ναὶ τοξευθήσεται, supplying a main clause because the mss generally treated 271 as spoken by Electra and 272 as Orestes’ reply to her; the Thoman gloss on the same place is ναὶ βεβλήσεται, but Gu writes only the verb βεβλήσεται above τοξευθήσεται and expects Gr’s ναὶ to be read with it.

In a few places there are additions or corrections in an extremely faint red ink that seem to be later than Gr and Gu, and these are recorded as Grrec.


SIGLUM: Dr

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Mosqu. D in Matthiae

CITY: Moscow (previously Dresden)

COLLECTION: Rossijskij Gosudarstvennyj Archiv Drevnich Aktov (RGADA)

SHELFMARK: Φ.1607, Dresden Da 22

DATE: 14th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 44398   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): Katalog der Handschriften der Sächsischen Landesbibliothek zu Dresden, Band I (Dresden 1979), iv (hand-numbered page added as preface), with reprint of the old catalogue F. Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Katalog der Handschriften der Königl. Öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Dresden (Leipzig 1882) [p. 288 for this codex]; for Moscow see http://rgada.info/poisk/index.php?fund_number=1607&fund_name=&list_number=&list_name=&Sk=30&B1

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–132r: Euripidean triad; 132v–134r: Triclinian treatise on meters; (134v?): Moschopulus περὶ τοῦ εἰδώλου; (135r?)-246v: Sophoclean triad (OT 1356-end lost).

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean glosses and marginal notes, but uncertain how complete a set.

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 124; Günther 83 [where ‘dyads’ is a slip for ‘triads’]

DISCUSSION:

This was one of a group of mss known as the Matthaei mss in the Dresden collection. In the 18th century Christian Friedrich Matthaei purchased them without knowing (according to the Dresden catalogue preface) they had been taken illicitly from Moscow libraries. Turyn, however, had written that they were “purloined” by Matthaei himself. Those not destroyed in World War II bombing were taken back to Moscow in 1947 and are now in the State Archive. Readings (mostly of the text) were first reported in C. D. Beck’s edition of Euripides, vol. III (1788) 1019–1063. In reply to my inquiry, staff at the RGADA stated in part: “The manuscript with the works of Euripides has 278 folios. ... We want to warn you that many folios have unreadable or hardly readable text.” [Note the discrepancy in the count of folios vs. the catalogue.]

In 2019, through the kind offices of Boris Nikolsky, Dr. Andrey Vinogradov of HSE, School of History, Moscow, examined this codex and reported it has 245 folios and has suffered severe water damage, so that the text is mostly illegible. On a first inspection he succeeded in locating the beginning and ends of the three plays (1r-37v: Hec.; 38r: notes; 38v-83v: Or.; 84r-132e: Phoen.). He detected watermarks, which are all Briquet 9017, suggesting a mid-14th cent. date rather than the 15th cent. as in earlier sources, including Tyurina 44. A further examination with a better-quality ultraviolet lamp allowed him to confirm the presence of many Moschopulean glosses and marginal scholia. I conclude that this is a manuscript with a fairly full set of Moschopulean annotation, but not worth further investigation since there are many other more legible and more accessible witnesses for such scholia.


SIGLUM: Lb

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Fl. 6 in Matthiae, Dindorf (but the same sometimes refers instead to La)

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medica Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 31.06

DATE: end of 15th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16237   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–46v: Hec. (with dramatis personae at beginning); 47r–v: arg. Or.; 48r–107r: Or.; 107v–108v: arg. Ph.; 108r–170v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia, with a few of other types.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for “plut.31.06"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 125; Günther 83

DISCUSSION:

Collated so far only for a few scholia, mainly the ones that were published from Fl. 6 alone in Matthiae and Dindorf.


SIGLUM: Lr

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Flor. 17 in Matthiae, Dindorf

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medica Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut.31.17

DATE: 1431

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16247   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1v: later hand’s supplement of Hec. 1–24; (original hand) 2r–47v: Hec. 25-end; 49r–v: arg. Or.; 50r–111v: Or. (but 80r–v with Or. 803–830 is a later replacement)

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Partial set of Moschopulean annotation.

HANDS:

Scribe Ioannes (RGK I 201 = II 278), according to subscription on 111v.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for “plut.31.17"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 125–126; Günther 83

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Pa

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Xf in Diggle for Or.

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2801

DATE: 1350–1400

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52438   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r: (not by main hand) a paragraph (not matched in TLG) about ψυχή, σῶμα, νεκρός, and ᾍδης prompted by the presence of Polydorus’ ghost in the prologue; 1v: arg. Hec.; 2r–36v: Hec.; 37r–v: arg. Or.; 38r–83v: Or.; 84r–v: arg. Ph.; 85r–132v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean scholia, modified.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10722983z   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 142; Matthiessen 44; Günther 46

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Pk

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Xc in Diggle for Or.; C.C.C. in Matthiae, C in Porson

CITY: Cambridge

COLLECTION: Corpus Christi College, Parker Library

SHELFMARK: 403

DATE: end of 15th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 11831   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–30r: Hec.; 30r–v: arg. Or.; 31r–72v: Or.; 73r: arg. Ph.; 73v–118r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean with some others.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: https://parker.stanford.edu/parker/catalog/zx044gq7026   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 123; Matthiesen 22 n. 16 and 17; Diggle 10; Günther 82

DISCUSSION:

So far used only for Or. arg. 3, sch. Or. 457.05, and the subscription sch. Or. 1693.01.



Manuscripts with Thoman scholia


SIGLUM: Z

CITY: Cambridge

COLLECTION: University Library

SHELFMARK: Nn 3.14 (first half, preceding Zd)

DATE: probably 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 12244   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: vita Eur.; 1v–2r: Thoman synopsis to Hec.; 2v–14v, 16r–32v: Hec. 1–552, 593–1295 (15r–v with Hec. 553–592 is a 15th-century replacement); 32v–33r: Thoman synopsis to Or.; 33v–77r: Or.; 77r–v: Thoman synopsis to Ph., and dram. pers.; 78r–121v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation. The text is in a single column of various lengths (often 20–21 lines). The discursive scholia are in the side margin block, occasionally extending for a few lines in the bottom block when scholia are dense, much more rarely using a few lines in the top margin. On 92r–v (Ph. 617–656) there is exceptionally a very narrow column of scholia in the inner margin.

HANDS:

See under discussion.

IMAGES USED: microfilm, and more recently digitized images from black and white microfilm; some autopsy June 2010

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 44–47, Matthiessen 50, Mastronarde–Bremer 11, Diggle 11–12, Günther 95–96; Smith, “Tricliniana II,” 223–225; Gaul 2011, 389–392

DISCUSSION:

The text and annotation on the triad are the product of several scribes working in tandem (see Günther’s description). The marginal scholia were written in black by Ioannes Zeianos (noteworthy for especially exuberant upsilons, omegas, and deltas in litagure), and the supralinear notes are almost all by the rubricator (who also did the initials of the marginal notes): both of these are referred to as Z, as they represent the main work of entering the Thoman commentary. The red ink appears quite faint on the images and has entirely disappeared over the top line of some pages, where water damage has apparently occurred (sometimes these can be made out by autopsy). A few supralinear notes are added in dark ink, which I record as Zc (Günther uses Za). These are added later than the rubricator’s glosses. At Or. 362 Zc added the abbreviation for the ending -ων on πλησιάζων and ἐλλιμενίζων, which the rubricator had left without ending; at 421 the gloss was first ἐφθάρη in red, but Zc added σαν in black. There is also a later hand, Z2, who uses a light brown ink. This is hard to distinguish on the microfilm, and Günther reports that Z2 sometimes rewrites faded glosses of Z.

On the dating see Gaul 391–392, detailing the controversy and disputing the dating 1330–1350 advocated by Wilson (whence Mastronarde–Bremer) on the basis of style of script and by Günther on his reading of a watermark that Gaul has identified differently.


SIGLUM: Za

CITY: London

COLLECTION: British Library

SHELFMARK: Arundel 540

DATE: ca. 1450–1475

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 39291   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 3r–5v, 8r–37v: Hec. 35–151, 233–1295; 37v: (fragment of) arg. Or.; 38r–v: Thoman synopsis to Or.; 39r–88r: Or.; 88r–90r: Thoman synopsis to Ph. and dram. pers.; 90r–135v: Ph. 1–1563

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation. The text is in a single column of 17 lines. The discursive scholia are in narrow column in the side margin block, occasionally extending for a few lines in the bottom block when scholia are dense, much more rarely using a few lines in the top margin.

HANDS:

Text and annotation are the work of a single hand.

IMAGES USED: digitized images from black and white microfilm; better color images now available online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Arundel_MS_540   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 99–100, Matthiessen 50–51, Diggle 12, Günther 97–98

DISCUSSION:

This witness is a twin of Z in the scholia as in the text, and the occasional differences in the scholia between ZZa and ZmGu were interpreted by Turyn as evidence for two Thoman recensions. Günther regards ZZaT as representative of a pure Thoman collection and ZmGu as adding non-Thoman elements, reflecting a different location (Thessalonica for the version of ZZaT and Constantinople for the additional material in ZmGu). There are, however, many agreements of T with ZmGu against ZZa, so a full evaluation of the nature and origin of the distinctive scholia of ZmGu (or TZmGu) will have to await investigation based on the whole triad.


SIGLUM: Zb

CITY: Vatican City

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 51

DATE: 1320–1330

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 66682   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–32v: Hec. 28–1295; 32v: arg. Or.; 33r–38v: Or. 1-274a; 39r–47v: Or. 368–809; 48r–66r: Or. 863–1693; 66r–67v: Thoman synopsis to Ph.; 67v–103v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation, fairly complete for some stretches of the triad but almost completely absent in other portions. In some sections of the triad, the hand Zb2 adds many Moschopulean glosses, but also others. The text is in one column, the length of which varies greatly in different sections. The scholia occupy either the side margin alone or both the side margin and a few lines in the bottom block. Very rarely, a few lines of the top margin are used.

HANDS:

See under discussion.

IMAGES USED: Grayscale digital images from library from 2018; earlier partial microfilm, prints and scans from prints; some autopsy May 2012, thorough autopsy checking March 2019

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 100–101, Matthiessen 51, Mastronarde–Bremer 11–12, Diggle 12, Günther 99–100

DISCUSSION:

The inks used vary considerably throughout the manuscript. The text and marginal scholia are in grayish brown ink in Hec., in a dark brown ink in Or.; in Ph. the text is in dark ink but the marginal scholia in red (Zb); similarly the initial glossation is light grayish brown for the first dozen pages of Hec., but thereafter is in red or faint purple for Hec. and in red for Or. and Ph. All of these are recorded as Zb as being the initial entry of the annotation. In some parts there are supralinear additions and corrections in dark ink (Zb1), but on pages where everything is in dark ink, this distinction cannot be made. In Hecuba contributions to the annotation by the rubricator who added (not always in red) pers. notae and many of the reference symbols are designated Zbr. Finally, Zb2 designates additions made in various light-colored inks; because the main scribe has an inconsistent and amateurish hand, it is not certain that this is not the same scribe working on various occasions later.

In the Or. section, the marginal scholia are abundant through line 809 on fol. 47v; thereafter the margins are blank, except for very few pages where one or two scholia are added by the rubricator in the side margin or bottom margin.


SIGLUM: Zl

CITY: London

COLLECTION: British Library

SHELFMARK: Additional 10057

DATE: 1340–1350 for original part, ca. 1350–1375 for most replacement pages (16th cent. for fols. 1–7)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 38827   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (original part) 53r–58v: Or. 18–264; 60r–66v: Or. 303–575; 68r–v: Or. 612–647, 70r–73v: Or. 684–824; 75r–90v: Or. 870–1508 (some folios in wrong order); 92r–95v: Or. 1545–1693; 96r–v: arg. Ph.; 97r–138v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation. The text is in a single column of different length in different sections. The scholia are in the side margin, with occasional extension into a line or two to form a shallow bottom block.

IMAGES USED: online (an old black and white microfilm is useless for reading the scholia)

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Add_MS_10057   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 130–131; Mastronarde–Bremer 171; Günther 96–97

DISCUSSION:

See Günther for a full description of the hands and of the replacement pages. The scholia on the original pages are added in red by the original hand, but no annotations are present from Ph. 199 to the end. Occasionally Günther’s hand D has added some annotation (Zl2). The red ink is faded and often washed out and frequently impossible to make out on microfilm, but on the online images many glosses become, with magnification, partially visible, at least enough to confirm that a Thoman gloss is present.


SIGLUM: Zm

CITY: Milan

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Ambrosiana

SHELFMARK: I 47 sup.

DATE: 14th cent. (as early as ca. 1310–1320 acc. to Günther on the basis of watermarks)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 42903   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 72r–v: vita Eur.; 72v–73r: Thoman synopsis to Hec.; 73r–v: short metrical treatise and some dodecasyllables in praise of Alexis Komnenos (not matched in TLG); 74r–97r: Hec.; 97r–v: Thoman synopsis to Or.; 98r–125v: Or.; 125v–126r: Thoman synopsis to Ph.; 126v–152v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation. The scholia are in a column varying usually from 28 to 34 lines in length. For the discursive scholia, in order of frequency, one can find pages using only the side block for scholia, others using the side and bottom, and fewer using top and side, and very few using all three positions. Occasionally some shorter notes are positioned in the inner margin or a gap between the side block and the text (intermarginally).

IMAGES USED: microfilm; digital images from library (unfortunately, grayscale); some autopsy checking 2015

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 182, Matthiessen 51, Mastronarde–Bremer 12, Diggle 12–13, Günther 98–9, Gaul 2011, 393–394

DISCUSSION:

See Günther for description of the hands involved in writing this codex and for remarks on the ink; the glosses are often in a lighter ink than the text and marginal scholia, but all by the same hand. A few glosses are in darker ink (Zm2), added after the ones in lighter ink. In Hecuba 1–500 I have found some glosses that lack diacritics and have very frequent errors of ε/αι, ι/ευ, and ο/ω, and this hand is termed Zmrec.


SIGLUM: Zu

CITY: Uppsala

COLLECTION: Universitetsbibliotek

SHELFMARK: graec. 15

DATE: first half of 14th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 64428   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 9r–44r: Hec. 28–1295; 44v–45r: arg. Or.; 45v–85r: Or.; 85r–86v: Thom. synposis to Ph., dram. pers.; 86v: Ph. 1–16; 87r–v: Ph. 101–149; 88r–v: Ph. 17–58; 89r–v: Ph. 341–385; 90r–93v: Ph. 150–340; 94r–119v: Ph. 386–1593

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman marginal scholia (along with others, including some metrical scholia) are found up to 29r (sch. Hec. 676), but on only a few pages of the remainder of Hec. and of Orestes, where the supralinear notes may be fairly long; then Phoen. again features fuller marginal scholia. Some Thoman glosses, but also glosses of other origins. The text is in a single column normally of 21–22 lines, with scholia (when present) in the side margin or side and bottom, rarely also in the top margin.

IMAGES USED: Images digitized from black and white microfilm; online color images became available in 2019

ONLINE IMAGES: https://www.manuscripta.se/ms/100015   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 185–186, 164, Matthiessen 52, Mastronarde–Bremer 12, Diggle 13, Günther 223–224

DISCUSSION:

In the portion collated so far, everything appears to have been written by one hand. For Orestes 1–500, some of Zu’s glosses are the same as those in main Thoman manuscripts, but many are not, and Zu here contains none of the longer marginal Thoman scholia. This part of the manuscript may not be typical, and the rest of the manuscript remains to be explored.


SIGLUM: Zv

CITY: Vatican City

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Vaticanus graecus 1824

DATE: early 14th cent. (perhaps ca. 1315: Bianconi 117)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 68453   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 31r–37v: Ph. 296–673; 38r–53v: Ph. 937–1766

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Thoman annotation. For marginal scholia, all three areas, top, side, and bottom, are used, in various combinations.

IMAGES USED: Prints from the 1980s, and digitized versions of those prints.

ONLINE IMAGES: (from microfilm) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.1824   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Mastronarde 1985, 99–102; Gaul 307

DISCUSSION:

Closely related to Zm in its text; scholia not yet examined in detail.


SIGLUM: Gu

CITY: Wolfenbüttel

COLLECTION: Herzog August Bibliothek

SHELFMARK: Gudianus gr. 15

DATE: 1320–1330 (or somewhat later for second hand Gu?)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 72059   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: See under Gr.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

See under Gr.

IMAGES USED: Color digital images.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: See under Gr.

DISCUSSION:

See under Gr.



Manuscripts with Triclinian scholia


SIGLUM: T

CITY: Rome

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Angelica

SHELFMARK: greco 14

DATE: 1300–1325

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 55921   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: The following are the pages written by Triklinius, in brownish ink, with angular breathings; unless otherwise noted: 1r–2r: epitome of Hephaestion; 2v–3r: Triclinian treatise ἰστέον ὅτι κτλ; 3r–v: περὶ σημείων τῆς κοινῆς συλλαβῆς; 4r: Mosch. vita; 4v: Mosch. περὶ τοῦ ειδώλου; 5r–v: Thoman vita; 5v–6r: Thoman synopsis to Hec., dram. pers.; 6v–21v: Hec. 1–490 [black ink on 5–7, 13–18, 21; also on 4 Mosch. life and Mosch. on eidolon are in black but with angular breathings, like the brownish ink pages]; 25r–26v: Hec. 629–670; 33r–34v: Hec. 897–935; 37r–41v: Hec. 1010–1124; 46v (bottom of page only)-47v: Thoman synopsis to Or., dram. pers. (with some Mosch. sch. added bottom 47v in Triclinius’ final stage) [black ink for arg. Or., brownish ink Mosch. sch. on 47v]; 52r–54v: Or. 145–224; 57r–59v: Or. 297–373; 71r–73v: Or. 772–840 [black ink 71]; 77r–79v: Or. 952–1022; 86r–100v: Or. 1240–1575; 104r: Or. 1682–1693; 104v–105v: Thoman synopsis to Phoen., dram. pers. [black ink]; 109r–120v: Ph. 103–384; 127r–131v: Ph. 601–712 [127 in black ink]; 134r–136v: Ph. 784–850; 141r–144v: Ph. 994–1081; 149r–154v: Ph. 1227–1375; 158r–162v: Ph. 1485–1602; 166r–167v: Ph. 1710–1760. The following are the pages by the scribe who copied originally the text (the scholia on these pages are virtually all by Triclinius: see below): 22r–24v: Hec. 491–628; 27r–32r: Hec. 671–896; 35r–36v: Hec. 936–1009; 42r–46v: Hec. 1125–1295; 48r–51v: Or. 1–144; 55r–56v: Or. 225–296; 60r–70v: Or. 374–771; 74r–76v: Or. 841–951; 80r–85v: Or. 1023–1239; 101r–103v: Or. 1576–1681; 106r–108v: Ph. 1–102; 121r–126v: Ph. 385–600; 132r–133v: Ph. 713–783; 137r–140v: Ph. 851–993; 145r–148v: Ph. 1082–1226; 155r–157v: Ph. 1376–1484; 163r–165v: Ph. 1603–1709. Folio 168r is a later replacement page with Ph. 1761–1766.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean and Thoman glosses and scholia, metrical scholia of Triclinius and a few additional glosses and also some marginal scholia in which he justifies a variant or emendation. In addition to using the side, top and bottom blocks as needed according to the density of annotation, Triclinius sometimes has, on the pages with his long scholia describing lyric cola, an additional column: usually the side block contains two columns instead of one, but on a few pages with short cola in the text, one column is placed on each side of the relatively narrow text column. More rarely he writes scholia in a very narrow column in the inner margin.

HANDS:

Demetrius Triclinius for many whole pages and for most of the annotation on other pages. See RGK I #104, II #136, III #170.

IMAGES USED: new digital images (color for Hec. 1179–end and Orestes, grayscale for the remainder of triad and the treatises); some autopsy checking 2012, 2017, 2019.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 23–41, Matthiessen 52–53, Mastronarde–Bremer 13, Diggle 13, Günther 36–38.

DISCUSSION:

T is the working copy of Demetrius Triclinius. Triclinius’ working method has been described in detail by Turyn and Günther and may be summarized here. He began with a manuscript of the triad plays written by someone else ca. 1300–1310; this scribe, generally referred to as Tz, wrote a few Thoman annotations on some folios of Phoenissae, according to Turyn (I have detected a few in Orestes and used the same modified siglum for them). In a first stage ca. 1315 Triclinius, using black ink and rounded breathing signs, added Thoman prefatory material and Thoman scholia and glosses, replacing or adding some pages (to contain the life and Thoman prefatory material). In a second stage ca. 1319–1325, using black ink and angular breathings, he added the Moschopulean life, Moschopulus’ short text περὶ τοῦ εἰδώλου that precedes Hecuba, the Moschopulean scholia and glosses, and some of his own scholia. In a third phase ca. 1325, now using brown ink and angular breathings, Triclinius added a few more of his own notes to the surviving original pages and also replaced almost all the pages containing lyric passages. He used these new pages to rewrite neatly those pages on which he had presumably added the working versions of his metrical scholia and made changes to the colon divisions. At this stage he also added the first three pages of the codex containing his version of an epitome of Hephaestion’s ‘Handbook of the Nine Meters’ and two short metrical texts of his own composition (available on this site). In the current edition I use the siglum T unmodified when a whole page is written by T at any stage and I use T3 only in places where Triclinius has added something in brown ink to a page previously annotated in black ink. Note that the substantial metrical scholia are all from the third phase, in brown ink. In her edition de Faveri marks most of the other Triclinian notation she recorded (long marks and the like) as T1/2.

Moschopulean scholia and glosses are marked with a cross before the item (I show this by using the modified siglum T+), or else a cross immediately above the first word of a gloss if the word was already present as a Thoman gloss (this is indicated by T*). (Note, however, that there are here and there a few Moschopulean glosses to which he has failed to add a cross at all or Moschopulean-Thoman glosses for which he has used a cross before instead of a cross above.) Thoman marginal scholia have an enlarged initial. Triclinius’ own scholia are also preceded by a cross, but he also adds ἡμέτερον in the margin beside or above the note (converted to τρικλινίου in the copy Ta).

Although Triclinius tells us explicitly that the two sets of scholia he adds are by Manuel Moschopulos and Thomas Magister, it should be noted that he felt free to make minor changes in wording. For instance, when he changes a reading in the text of a play, he may alter the wording of the Thoman or Moschopulean scholion to match, as in Phoen. 1041, where he changes transmitted ὁπότε to ὅτε for metrical reasons and he also substitutes ὅτε for ὁπότε in both long paraphrasing scholia on this part of the stanza.

One peculiarity of Tz’s writing that can be deceptive is that the the diaeresis on iota or upsilon is sometimes written without lifting the pen between the two dots, resulting in a stroke that looks very like the macron. This misled de Faveri in one or two places and also misled a student of mine who did a preliminary collation of some of T.

Some pages of T have extensive marginal damage, for instance, fol. 81r–v, where the poetic text is intact, but the outer margin with several scholia is lost. Water damage has caused the ink to become faint or disappear in various places. Sometimes the ink from one facing page has adhered to the other facing page, leaving backwards fragments of the lost letters. The copy Ta is helpful for damaged areas.


SIGLUM: Ta

CITY: Vatican City

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Urbinas graecus 142

DATE: second quarter of 14th cent. (watermarks are reported to suggest 1340–1350; notes on the added pages 4r and 5r and on 187r indicate the book was being read and studied in 1442/3, 1446, and 1451)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 66609   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–2r: epitome of Hephaestion; 2v–3r: Triclinian treatise ἰστέον ὅτι κτλ; 3r–v: περὶ σημείων τῆς κοινῆς συλλαβῆς; 4r–7v: slightly later insertions (described by Turyn 195); 8r–v: Mosch. vita; 8v–9r: Mosch. περὶ τοῦ ειδώλου; 9r–10r: Thoman vita; 10r–v: Thoman synopsis to Hec., dram. pers.; 11r–55v: Hec.; 56r–57r: Thom. synopsis to Or., dram. pers.; two sch. on Or. 1–2; 57v–120v: Or.; 121r–122r: Thom. synopsis to Ph., dram. pers.; 122v–186v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopuleanm, Thoman, and Triclinian commentaries copied from T. The layout shows the same variety of formats as T, but Ta does not match T’s pagination, and Ta sometimes moves scholia to a different position (e.g., placing some glosses in the margin rather than crowded above the line as in T, or vice versa).

HANDS:

The scribe has been identified with the scribe who wrote folios 24r–34r of Gr/Gu.

IMAGES USED: images digitized from microfilm (the same that are now online); some autopsy checking 2017.

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Urb.gr.142   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 194–196, 164; Matthiessen 53; Mastronarde–Bremer 13; Mastronarde 1985, 104–106; Diggle 13; Günther 124–125; Gaul 2011, 397

DISCUSSION:

A very faithful copy, or perhaps a copy of a copy, of T, useful for places where T is lost or difficult to read. The collation of Or. 1–500 reveals that Ta omits a few notes and a little more often omits the cross that T has in front of a Moschopulean gloss. In addition, Ta did not understand the distinction between Triclinius’ placement of some crosses in front as opposed to above the beginning of the gloss; therefore, Ta usually places his crosses in front: that is, when T is too damaged to read, Ta may give a misleading impression that a gloss is purely Moschopoulean when Triklinios marked it as a shared Thoman and Moschopoulean gloss. When Ta is used because T is lost, the siglum Ta+ indicates that Ta has a cross before the item. One or two glosses not in T have been added in Ta by a later hand, Ta2.



Miscellaneous later manuscripts with scholia


SIGLUM: Ad

CITY: Mt. Athos

COLLECTION: Mone Dionysiou

SHELFMARK: 334

DATE: 15th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 20302   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 32r: Vita; 32v: arg. Hec.; 33r–78r: Hec.; 78v–79r: arg. Or.; 79v–136r: Or.; 136v–137r: arg. Ph.; 137v–185v, 202r–208r, 209r–209v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Sparse Moschopulean annotation is reported by others.

IMAGES USED: microfilm and microfiche (not complete for Hec.), not easily legible for scholia

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 121–122; Matthiessen 37, Mastronarde–Bremer 13

DISCUSSION:

Collated only for arg. Or. so far.


SIGLUM: At

CITY: Mt. Athos

COLLECTION: Μονὴ Βατοπεδίου

SHELFMARK: 671

DATE: 1420–1443

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 18815   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): Cf. R. S. Stefec, Mitteilungen aus Athos-Handschriften, Wiener Studien 127 (2014) 121–150 (132–137 on At)

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: fol. 93r: vita; 93r–v: arg. Hec.; 93v–120v: Hec.; 120v–121r: arg. Or.; 121r–155r: Or; 155r–156v: arg. Ph.; 156v–190v: Ph.

HANDS:

Gerard (or Girard) of Old Patras: RGK I.80 = II.107 = III.144; PLP 4142; Wilson 1974, 139–142.

IMAGES USED: microfiches and prints for various parts

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 121, Mastronarde–Bremer 14, Diggle 11, Günther 81

DISCUSSION:

The date is assigned because of the known period of activity of the scribe. Not yet explored or included in collations. According to old notes, in Ph. there are a very few old scholia by Gerard in the ink of the main text; some Moschopulean glosses in lighter ink (red, according to Steffec’s description). See Günther for description of scholia on Orestes by Gerard and by a later hand.


SIGLUM: Hl

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: J in Porson

CITY: London

COLLECTION: British Library

SHELFMARK: Harley 6300

DATE: 1500–1525

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 39695   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: vita; 1v–2r: arg. Hec.; 2r–43r: Hec.; 43v–44r: arg. Or.; 44v–96v: Or.; 97r–v: arg. Ph.; 98r–164r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A few Moschopulean scholia on Hec. and Or.; on Phoen., the scholia are old, related to those found in Rf.

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Harley_MS_6300   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 131; Mastronarde–Bremer 171; Günther 84

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Hn

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Haun in Diggle, C in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Copenhagen

COLLECTION: Det Kongelige Bibliotek

SHELFMARK: Gamle Kongelig Samling [GKS] 417

DATE: ca. 1475

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 37158   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): B. Schartau, Codices Graeci Haunienses. Ein deskriptiver Katalog des griechischen Handschriftenbestandes der Königlichen Bibliothek Kopenhagen, Copenhagen 1994, 99–100

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: arg. Med.; 2r–29r: Med.; 29v–30r: arg. Hec.; 30r–55r: Hec; 55v–56r: arg. Or.; 56v–89v: Or.; 90r–91r: arg. Ph.; 91v–124v: Ph.; 125r–139v: sch. on Ph. 1–267; 140r–v: arg. Hipp.; 141r–168v: Hipp.; 169r–v: arg. Alc.; 170r–190v: Alc.; 190v–191r: arg. Andr.; 191v–217r: Andr.; 217r–v: arg. Tro.; 217v–243r; 243r–v: arg. Rh.; 244r–263r: Rh.

IMAGES USED: Scans of Turyn photos (all non-triad plays, and a few folios of Hec. and Ph., including the scholia block); microfilm for arg. and text of Ph. No image yet for arg. Or.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 329; Matthiessen 42; Mastronarde 1985, 102–104

FURTHER BIBLIOGRAPHY: See Schartau’s catalogue entry.

DISCUSSION:

May be collated for argumenta; there is a single brief annotation on Medea 500; otherwise the only scholia are found in an extensive block following Phoen., on fol. 125r-139v: the Peisander scholion and Phoen. arg 10 (Mastronarde, Teubner) are followed by old schiolia on Phoen. 1–267.


SIGLUM: J

CITY: Cambridge

COLLECTION: University Library

SHELFMARK: Nn 3.13

DATE: ca. 1480

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 12243   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 9r: vita; 9v: Hec.; 69r–138r: Or.; 165r–186v: another copy of Hec. 715-end; 187r: arg. Or.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

in the first part, mixture of Moschopulean and Thoman annotations with some old and other notes; in the second copy of Hec., Thoman notes.

IMAGES USED: microfilm

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 208–208; Matthiessen 50; Diggle 11; Günther 244

DISCUSSION:

Not yet explored by me. See the discussion of Günther 244–254.


SIGLUM: La

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Fl. 6 in Matthiae, Dindorf (but the same sometimes refers instead to Lb)

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medica Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut. 91sup.06

DATE: ca. 1495

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16866   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: arg. Hipp.; 2r–52v: sch. Hipp.; 53r: arg. Alc.; 53v–64v: sch. Alc.; 65r: arg. Med.; 65r–96v: sch. Med.; 97r–109r: sch. Andr.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia copied from B.

HANDS:

Written mostly by Aristobulus Apostolis = Arsenius, with some parts written by Marcus Musurus and Michael Souliardes.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download)http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for “plut.91sup.06"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 365–366; Cavarzeran 26

DISCUSSION:

The date is estimated from the watermark, as reported by Cataldi Palau 2004, 305.


SIGLUM: Le

CITY: Leiden

COLLECTION: Bibliotheek der Rijks-Universiteit

SHELFMARK: Vossianus gr. Q 33

DATE: 1475–1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 38140   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–3r: versions of vita, and Mosch. περὶ τοῦ εἰδώλου; 3r: arg. Hec.; 3v–31r: Hec. 1–395, 743-end; 33r–35v: arg. Or.; 36r–89r: Or.; 92r–96v: arg. Ph.; 97r–163v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Mixture of old and younger scholia.

HANDS:

Written by Michael Soudiardis.

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: (by subscription)https://primarysources.brillonline.com/browse/codices-vossiani-graeci-et-miscellanei-online   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 339; Günther 120

DISCUSSION:

Scholia in Le used by Valckenaer, who transcribed them. Online images became available in 2019; not yet explored.


SIGLUM: Lp

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Flor. 21 in Matthiae, Dindorf

CITY: Florence

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Medica Laurenziana

SHELFMARK: plut.31.21

DATE: 1450–1475

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 16251   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1v–2r: vita; 2r–v: arg. Hec.; 3r–36r: Hec.; 36v–38r: arg. Or.; 38v–82v: Or.; 83r–84r: arg. Ph.; 84v–130v: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean by the main scribe, with some Thoman and old added by another hand .

IMAGES USED: Online; microfilm of Or., parts of Hec. and Ph.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://mss.bmlonline.it    ; (old viewer, with download) http://teca.bmlonline.it/    search for “plut.31.21"

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 126, Günther 154

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied by me.


SIGLUM: Mb

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: greco 620 (coll. 890)

DATE: 1420–1430

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 70091   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. Thesaurus antiquus, 2: Codices 300–625. (Roma 1985) 545–546

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–32r: Hipp. 63–291, 345-end; 32v–33r: arg. Andr.; 33r–v: arg. Med.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A few scholia on Hipp.

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 375; Cavarzeran 48

DISCUSSION:

Copied from A, according to Turyn and Cavarzeran.


SIGLUM: Mu

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: Marc. gr. IX 10 (coll. 1160)

DATE: ca. 1494–1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 70462   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. Volumen III codices qui in nonam, decimam undecimam inclusos et supplementa duo continens (Roma, 1972) 12–13

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–32v: Hec.; 33r–v: arg. Or.; 34r–85v: Or.; 86r–v: arg. Ph.; 87r–134v: Ph.; 135r–v: arg. Hipp.; 136r–179v: Hipp.; 181r: arg. Med.; 181v–214v: Med.; 215r: arg. Alc.; 215v–241v: Alc.; 242r: arg. Andr.; 242v–272r: Andr.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia (copied from B) Hec. 533-end and the other plays; Palaeologan scholia on Hec. 1–532.

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 375–376; Cavarzeran 27; Cavarzeran 2014, 3–37

DISCUSSION:

The scholia throughout are copied from B.


SIGLUM: N

CITY: Naples

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale

SHELFMARK: II.F.41

DATE: 1504–1525 (later than Aldine edition)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 46210   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): M. Formentin, Catalogus Codicum Graecorum Bibliothecae Nationalis Neapolitanae, 2 (Roma 1995) 169–172

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 25r–v: Tricl. Life; 26r–27r: arg. Hec.; 27v–65r: Hec.; 66r–v: arg Or.; 67r–107r: Or. 1–1151; 110r–v: arg. Andr.; 111r–143r: Andr.; 144r–v: arg. Hipp.; 144v–182v: Hipp.; 184r–205r: block of scholia on Hipp.; 206r–207r: arg Ph.; 207v–249r: Ph.

IMAGES USED: scans of Turyn photos (not a complete set for this ms)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 345–346, Matthiessen 129, Cavarzeran 34–35

DISCUSSION:

Not yet explored much; probably of little importance for the triad.


SIGLUM: Ne

CITY: Naples

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale

SHELFMARK: Vindobonensis graecus 17

DATE: 1450–1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 45973   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r: arg. Hec.; 1v–38r: Hec.; 39r–v: arg. Or.; 39v–84r: Or.; 84v–85v: arg. Ph.; 85v–138v: Ph.;139r–v: arg. Hipp.; 139v–183v: Hipp.; 184r–v: arg. Med.; 184v–228r: Med.; 228r–v: arg Andr.; 228v–263r: Andr.

IMAGES USED: digital images from library

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 348–351; Matthiessen 129; Grimaldi 1999, 39–51; Cavarzeran 49–50

DISCUSSION:

Not yet explored very much; Matthiessen doubts Turyn’s claim that the triad was transcribed directly from R.


SIGLUM: Pb

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2810

DATE: late 15th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52447   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–47r: Hec.; 47r–48r: arg. Or.; 48r–99v: Or.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Many glosses and some discursive scholia, mostly in side margin, occasionally with a few lines in top or bottom margins. A brief examination of some pages of Hec. revealed glosses related to those in the recentiores, some old scholia, and some unidentified notes.

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b107229278/   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 353; Matthiessen 44; Günther 241

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Ph

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Pr in Cavarzeran; Par. D in Matthiae; P. or Par. 2818 in Dindorf

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2818

DATE: ca. 1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52456   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–2v: arg. Hipp. not by the main hand; 3r–25v: sch. Hipp. (marginal sch. from B); 26r–48r: sch. Ph.; 48v–75v: sch. Or.; 76r–85v: sch. Hec.; 95r: arg. Hipp.; 95r–125v: Hipp. text and interlinear annotations from B; 127r–156r: arg. Med, Med. text and sch.; 161r–186v: arg. Andr., Andr. text and sch.; 189r–212r: arg. Alc., Alc. text and sch.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia copied from B, with modifications. Blocks of scholia only for Hipp. and triad plays, glosses on text of Hipp., then both glosses and scholia in side block (occasionally bottom block too) with the texts of the remaining plays.

HANDS:

Michael Suliardos

IMAGES USED: Online

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b107237289   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 369–370; Cavarzeran 27–28

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Pp

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2815

DATE: 1400–1450

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52453   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1v: Hec. 446–481; 2r–11v: Hec. 21–467;12r–v: Hec. 482–523; 14r–19v: Hec. 566–830; 20r–30r: Hec. 831-end; 30v: arg. Or.; 31r–35v: Or. 1–227; 36r–v: Or. 923–964; 37r–44v: Or. 1325–1681; 45r–v: Or. 1225–1274; 46r–53v: Or. 572–922; 54r–58v: Or. 228–444; 59r–61v: Or. 445–571; 62r–v: Or. 1275–1324; 63r–68v: Or. 965–1224; 69r: Or. 1682-end; 69r–v: arg. Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Mixture of various types, many Moschopulean, also some metrical notes (see below).

HANDS:

One scribe is Athanasios, RGK II 11.

IMAGES USED: Online.

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10722529n   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 146; Günther 139–140

DISCUSSION:

According to Günther, probably a copy of Fp, including metrical notes; in some places the notes in Pp are very faded.


SIGLUM: Q

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: q in Diggle for Tro. 611–1332; H in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: London

COLLECTION: British Library

SHELFMARK: Harley 5743

DATE: ca. 1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 39671   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 63r–65v: Alc. 1029-end; 65v–66v: arg. Rh.; 67r–86v: Rh.; 86v–87r: arg. Tro.; 87r–113r: Tro.

IMAGES USED: Scans of Turyn photos, and online images.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?ref=Harley_MS_5743   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 288–289

DISCUSSION:

Contains brief scholia on Rhes. 826, 920, Tro. 396.


SIGLUM: Ry

CITY: Manchester

COLLECTION: Rylands Library

SHELFMARK: Gaster 1689

DATE: 14th c. (end)

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: None yet.

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (the leaves are bound in a scrambled order) 12r–v: Thoman synopsis for Or.; 2r–11v, 13r–15v: Or. 13–156, 206–375

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Moschopulean and Thoman glosses, some marginal scholia.

IMAGES USED: None.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Zuntz 1967; Mattheissen 100 n. 38; Diggle 9, 99–103; Günther 56–57

DISCUSSION:

Zuntz 1967, 511–514 reports some of the scholia and says that some marginalia and many glosses are illegible. As far as the text of Ry is concerned, Zuntz proposed and Diggle confirmed that Ry descends from a manuscript that was a protoTriclinian work, that is, it contained some of Triclinius’ metrical conjectures and the combination of Moschopulean and Thoman annotation characteristic of him. I do not list it above with T because it is not a source for Triclinius’ own scholia.


SIGLUM: Th

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: t in Prinz–Wecklein

CITY: Thessalonica

COLLECTION: Γυμνάσιον

SHELFMARK: unnumbered, destroyed in fire in 1890

DATE: 16th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: None.

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: (from Papageorgiou) Hec. 1046-end, arg. Or., Or., arg. Ph., Ph. 1–1014, 1058–1519, 1581–1693

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Unknown.

IMAGES USED: None extant.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 151–152; Mastronarde–Bremer 172–173; Diggle 11

FURTHER BIBLIOGRAPHY: Papageorgiou 1881

DISCUSSION:

Papageorgiou (whose collations are the basis of what is known about the readings of Th for the incomplete text of the triad) noted that there were annotations in this manuscript, but he did not report any (306: Μὴ δυνάμενος δι’ ἔλλειψιν χρόνου νὰ εἴπω τι καὶ περὶ τῶν σχολίων τοῦ κώδικος ἀναβάλλομαι τὸν περὶ αὐτῶν λόγον εἰς ἄλλον καιρόν. “Not being able because of lack of time to say something about the scholia of the codex, I postpone to another time discussion about them.”).


SIGLUM: U

CITY: London

COLLECTION: British Library

SHELFMARK: Harley 5725

DATE: ca. 1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 39653   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 140r–v: vita; 140v: arg. Hec.; 141r–211v: Hec.; 211v: sch. Mosch. Or. 2; 212r· arg. Or.; 213r–265v: Or.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

mixture of scholia, including modified Moschopulean and Thoman material

HANDS:

scribe Andreas Donus, RGK I 14 = II 22

IMAGES USED: Microfilm and online images.

ONLINE IMAGES: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=harley_ms_5725   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 208, Matthiesen 50, Günther 255–258

DISCUSSION:

Günther lists a number of other late manuscripts that appear to have the same collection of scholia, many of which are also written by Andreas Donus.


SIGLUM: Va

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Rom. B in Matthiae

CITY: Vatican City

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Palatinus graecus 98

DATE: 14th c.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 65831   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 4r: vita; 4v: Hec.; 28v: arg. Or.; 29v–62r: Or.; 62v blank; 63r: arg. Ph.; 64r–97r: Ph.; 97v blank; 98r: arg. Med.; 98v: Med.; 125r: arg. Hipp.; 125v: Hipp.; 152v: arg. Alc.; 153r: Alc.; 174v: arg. Andr.; 175v: Andr.; 199v: arg. Tro., Tro.; 224r: arg. Rh.; 224r–242r: Rh. 1–940 (242r blank after only 6 lines); 242v–243v: Rh. 941–966.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Only a few annotations.

IMAGES USED: None. Autopsy examination May 2012, May 2017, March 2019.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 91–92, Matthiessen 45–46, Diggle 10

DISCUSSION:

This manuscript has been used by editors for the text in some passages because the text is copied from V (except that Rh. 941–966 appear to be from another source), and V is damaged in places or has lost pages. V’s annotations were mostly ignored in copying (only three or four items on the non-triad plays may derive from V). A few of the glosses on non-triad plays may be due to the first hand of Va, but most are by later hands. I noted sporadic glosses and very few short marginal scholia on Hecuba; of these, one scholion can be identified as Thoman, while a few others appear in Dindorf as attested in Arsenius’ edition (I). There are similar sporadic glosses on Orestes and fewer on Phoenissae. I noted a few dozen glosses or scholia on the non-triad plays.


SIGLUM: Vo

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: O in Schwartz, Y in Diggle for Andr.

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Ottobonianus graecus 339

DATE: 16th cent.

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 65582   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 158r–176v: sch. on Andr.; 177r–186r: sch. on Hec.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia with no text.

IMAGES USED: print from microfilm for 158r–177r; (color) digital images now online

ONLINE IMAGES: https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Ott.gr.339   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 355; Schwartz 1884

DISCUSSION:

Vo is a main witness for the scholia on Andr.; Schwartz showed that the Hecuba scholia are copied page for page from the scholia on fols. 1r–10v of R.


SIGLUM: Vr

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: Pv in Diggle for Hipp.

CITY: Vatican

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

SHELFMARK: Palatinus graecus 343

DATE: ca. 1500, written by (Ioannes) Gregoropoulos

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 66075   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–39r: Ph. 63–1766; 41r–54v: Hipp. 20–386, 447–939

TYPE AND FORMAT:

Old scholia. The layout of the pages varies widely, from the common format with scholia blocks on three sides of a group of verses to a page with only scholia or one with almost all scholia and a few verses with a column of scholia beside them.

IMAGES USED: microfilm, and online

ONLINE IMAGES: (digitized from black and white microfilm) https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Pal.gr.343   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 357, Mastronarde–Bremer 14

DISCUSSION:

Not yet examined.


SIGLUM: Xh

CITY: Paris

COLLECTION: Bibliothèque Nationale

SHELFMARK: grec 2803

DATE: ca. 1450

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 52440   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 1r–v: vita; 1v–2r: arg. Hec.; 3r–60r: Hec.; 60v–61v: arg. Or.; 62r–137r: Or.; 137r–138v: arg. Ph.; 139r–220r: Ph.

TYPE AND FORMAT:

A few Moschopulean scholia, and a few old scholia.

IMAGES USED: online

ONLINE IMAGES: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b107222337   

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 142–143; Günther 86

DISCUSSION:

Not yet studied.


SIGLUM: Yv

PREVIOUS OR OTHER SIGLA: H in Schwartz for vita Euripidis

CITY: Venice

COLLECTION: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana

SHELFMARK: greco 469 (col. 799)

DATE: 1413

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 69940   

CATALOGUE (later than Turyn 1957): E. Mioni, Bibliothecae divi Marci Venetiarum codices Graeci manuscripti. Thesaurus antiquus, 2: Codices 300–625. (Roma 1985) 257–258

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 2r: abortive versions of arg. Hec. (heading and two lines crossed out: ἀγαμέμνων ὁ βασιλεὺς ἀπερχόμενος εἰς τὸν πόλεμον κατέλοιπε φύλακα τῆς αὐτοῦ; heading repeated, then only first lines μετὰ τὴν τῆς ἰλίου πολιορκίαν ... μͅίαν τῶν θυγατέρων πριάμου) (2v:blank); 3r–v: arg. Hec. (in full, with new heading); 4r–v: dram. pers.; sch. on first lines of Hec.; (no folio labeled as 5) 6r–51r: Hec.; 51r–v: arg. Or.; 52r–110-v: Or.; 110v–111r: arg. Ph.; 111r–169v: Ph.

IMAGES USED: microfilms; new color digital images

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 68–73, 158; Matthiessen 50; Mastronarde–Bremer 15, 26–28; Günther 147–148

DISCUSSION:

This manuscript is noteworthy in that it appears to be the source of some paraphrasing scholia found in Arsenius’ edition (he appears to have shortened Yv’s paraphrases by omitting the constant repetition of each word of the text before its paraphrasing synonym). Collating these paraphrases is not yet a high priority. For a sample see Prelim. Studies 44–59.


SIGLUM: Zd

CITY: Cambridge

COLLECTION: University Library

SHELFMARK: Nn 3.14 (second half, following Z)

DATE: 1450–1500

NUMÉRO DIKTYON: 12244   

EURIPIDEAN CONTENTS: 122r–151v: Hec.; 152r–v: blank; 153r–v: arg. Or.; 154r–207v: Or.

IMAGES USED: microfilm; very brief autopsy June 2010

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: Turyn 180, Matthiessen 51, Diggle 12, Günther 223

DISCUSSION:

Not yet collated. If we ignore the 16th cent. glosses that occur in the first pages of Hec., there are, by the main scribe, sporadic supralinear notes and very few marginal notes in Hec., almost all late in the play; glosses and a few marginal notes on Or. These are said to be of mixed nature, with a few Thoman elements.



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